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Important and Most Expected Questions on CORONA Virus: In this article you will get a  collection of questions and answer with a comprehensive and analytical view.
Important and Most Expected Questions on CORONA Virus

Important and Most Expected Questions on CORONA Virus

We are in huge crisis as Novel Corona Virus is spreading exponentially. However, if you want to give your knowledge an extra boost, you are definitely at the right place. Here it is a comprehensive compilation on this topic. Pdf of this topic is provided at the end of the article. Let’s start.

What is a Coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are the type of viruses that causes illness like the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

What is a novel Coronavirus?

A novel coronavirus (CoV) is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously spotted in humans body. The Latin word “novel” means a “new pathogen of a previously known type”

What is COVID-19?

COVID stands for Corona Virus Disease. It was first identified in 2019 that’s why it is COVID 19.
World Health Organization announced the official name COVID-19 on 11th February,2020

Describe the structure of coronavirus

Club shaped glycoprotein spikes protrude through a lipid bilayer

From where coronavirus got its name?

Coronaviruses got their name due to their crown-like projections on their surface. The virus structure resembles a crown when viewed under an electron microscope. “Corona” in Latin means “crown”

Who coined the term Corona Virus?

June Almeida discovered coronavirus type virus at her laboratory in St Thomas’s Hospital in London in 1964.

Who first observed and studied human coronaviruses?

David Tyrrell

SARS is described as a zoonotic disease. what does this mean?

Zoonotic diseases are an infectious disease caused by a pathogen (an infectious agent such as a bacterium, virus, parasite etc.) that has jumped from an animal (usually a vertebrate) to a human.

Note: – Some of the major Zoonotic Diseases are:

Anthrax, Bird flu, Brucellosis, Ebola, Japanese encephalitis, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), Nipah virus infection, Rabies, Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Zika fever etc.

Where was the first case of Novel corona virus identified?

Wuhan Municipal Health Commission, China, reported a cluster of cases of pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei Province on 31st December,2019. The corona virus was eventually identified.

Where was the first case of Novel corona virus identified?

Wuhan Municipal Health Commission, China, reported a cluster of cases of pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei Province on 31st December,2019. The corona virus was eventually identified.

Note: Some other Viral Diseases and their Origin

 
Disease
Origin
Year
EBOLA
South Sudan
1976
AIDS
Democratic Republic of Congo
1920
NIPAH
Malaysia
1998
ZIKA
Uganda
1947
ANTHRAX
Poland
1875
INFLUENZA / Spanish flu
Europe
1918
BIRD FLU (H5N1)/ Avian flu
Hong Kong
1997
SWINE FLU (H1N1)
USA
2009

Name the clinical trial in which blood is transfused from recovered COVID-19 patient to a critical corona positive patient?

Plasma Therapy

When was the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) spread identified?

2012 in Saudi Arabia

When was the Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) spread identified?

2003 in China

What is the name of first Indian company to develop indigenously build testkits?

Pune based company – Mylab Discovery Solutions. It is the first Indian company has received full approval to make and sell Covid-19 testing kits.

Who pioneered and designed the Covid-19 testing kits developed in Mylab Discovery Solution?

Virologist Minal Dakhave Bhosale was the head of the designing team for the corona virus testing kit called ‘Mylab PathoDetect COVID-19 Qualitative PCR kit’. She is the research and development chief of Mylab Discovery Solutions, Pune.

When did World Health Organization declare the COVID -19 as “Pandemic”?

11th March,2020
 

Note: – What’s the difference between a pandemic, an epidemic, endemic, and an outbreak? Know the basic definitions:

  • AN EPIDEMIC is a disease that affects a large group of people within a community, population, or region.
  • AN OUTBREAK is an unexpected increase in the number of endemic cases. If it’s not under quick measures, an outbreak leads to an epidemic.
  • ENDEMIC is something that belongs to a particular country.
  • A PANDEMIC is an epidemic that spreads over multiple countries or continents or whole planet.

What is the type of CORONA Virus?

It is an RNA Virus

Which paper test kit has been developed by CSIR-IGIB (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Institute of Genomics and integrative Biology)?

FELUDA or FNCAS9 Editor Linked Uniform Detection Assay. Tata Sons has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research for this project.

Note: Know about the FELUDA test

The test uses the methodology of the Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR), it is the extraction of RNA (Ribo Nucleic Acid) and conversion into deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

What is the name of The Gene Editing Tool that is being used in ‘FELUDA’?

CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats)

Which law the Indian government can implement to fight epidemics?

  • Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897.
  • The Disaster Management Act, 2005.

In which state was the first case of Corona virus detected?

Kerala.

Where is National Institute of Virology?

Pune

Which application has been launched by Indian Government to fight COVID-19?

Aarogya Setu. It is a COVID-19 tracking mobile application developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology,Government of India

Note: Issues with Aarogya Setu App

The application exists under many legal and technical loopholes those are being currently criticized. Issues are being asked as India does not have any data protection law and most critically the storage and usage of the data are still not transparent as the code of the application is not made opensource. The detailed privacy policy needs to be clarified along with data collection, its storage and usage.

Where did the first patient die from COVID-19?

Karnataka

Which state was the first state to impose Lockdown?

Rajasthan (22nd March)

Note: The difference between lock down, curfew and Section 144

  • A lock down is a situation when there is a restriction on assembly but essential services are still available. A lock down is enforced by a Collector or Chief Medical Officer in their particular area under the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897.
  • Section 144 is when assembly is prohibited under the Indian Penal Code (IPC). Section 144 of the IPC brings the restrictions in the congregation of 5 or more people within a particular area.
  • A curfew is a situation when Section 144 is imposed along with essential services shut down. Curfew is implemented by the Collector and the Police Commissioner. In Section 144, all essential services apart from emergency services like hospitals — banks, ATMs, grocery stores, vegetables and milk shops will all be shut.
  • Citizens cannot be arrested without cause during a lock down but the citizens can be booked under Section 188 during a curfew.

Which state is declared as the first state/UT to be the Corona Virus free?

Goa

When was the first case of corona virus detected in India?

On 30 January, the first case was detected in Kerala’s Thrissur district in a student who had returned from Wuhan University in China.

Which state become the first state to start rapid antibody test?

Rajasthan

Which state become the first state to implement full-fledged curfew?

Punjab

When did the Indian government announced the Janta Curfew?

22nd March, 2020

When did the Indian government announced the first phase of Lockdown?

25th March, 2020 to 14th April, 2020
Second phase of Lockdown: 15th April to 3rd May
Third Phase of Lockdown:  4th May to 17th May
Fourth Phase of Lockdown: 18th May to 31st May

Few recent discoveries to fight COVID-19 Pandemic

  • The Indian Council of Medical Research aproved the usage of TrueNat a diagnostic machine that can run diagnosis of multiple diseases such as COVID-19, HIV, and TB simultaneously.
  • IIT Roorkee and AIIMS-Rishikesh prepares low-cost portable ventilator ‘Prana-vayu’
  • COVID Sample Collection Kiosk (COVSACK) is developed by DRDO
  • IT Delhi develops Dashboard PRACRITI to predict Covid-19 spread
  • IIT Bombay student team makes low-cost ventilator “Ruhdaar”
  • IIT Mumbai has developed Corontine app to track asymptomatic carriers or super spreader
  • IIT Ropar designed a ‘WardBot’ to deliver food, medicines to COVID-19 patients
  • Personnel Sanitization Enclosure (PSE) is a full body disinfection chamber developed by Vehicle Research Development Establishment (VRDE), Ahmednagar, a DRDO Laboratory.
  • Chattisgarh (Jharkhand) became the first state to use remote-controlled COBOT-Robotics to provide food and medicine to patients without human intervention.
  • COBAS 6800 is a first COVID-19 testing machine procured by GOI. It is fully automated, high-end performance machine to carry out RT-PCR test and is able to take 1200 samples in 24 hours.
  • Jaipur-based company ‘Club First’ has developed India’s first service robots named as “Sona 1.5 and Sona .5” to help health workers in conducting a thermal screening of the people amid COVID-19 crisis.

Which state government started 5T initiative to fight Corona virus?

Delhi announced a 5T plan to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus. The 5T plan includes testing, tracing, treatment, teamwork and tracking.

Which country has received financial assistance from IMF for the first time since 1962 to fight Corona Virus crisis?

Iran

What is the Initiative taken by Delhi government to combat and contain the spread of the highly contagious virus?

Operation shield
  • S for Sealing
  • H for Home quarantine
  • I for Isolation and tracing
  • E for Essential supply
  • L for Local sanitization
  • D for Door-to-door health checks

Note:Know some repeated and highly used terminology in recent times related to coronavirus

  • Isolation is the method of separation of sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick.
  • Quarantine is the method of separation and restrictions in the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.
  • Comorbidity It refers to a medical condition, in which a person has more than one disease at the same time.
  • Patient zero is the person who is identified as the first person infected with a communicable disease during an outbreak.
  • R0 It is Pronounced and also written as R-naught or R-zero. The R stands for reproduction or reproductive.
  • R0 is the average number of people that a person with an infectious disease is expected to spread the infection to (in population immune to the disease). If R0 is greater than 1, it can spread in a population and cause an outbreak. Recent study measures the R0 of COVID-19 at 2.2-2.4
  • Super-spreader is a person infected with a pathogen (such as a virus, bacterium, or other microorganism) and spreads it to an unusually large number of individuals who aren’t infected. Super-spreaders are asymptomatic.
  • COVID toes is a symptom of COVID-19 patients as reddish sores on the toes and sometimes fingers.
  • BiPap machine is a type of ventilator that some hospitals are using to help COVID-19 patients breathe.
  • PPE – It stands for Personal protective equipment which is a full body suits with gloves, protective eyewear etc.

What is ACE2 Protein?

ACE2 is a cellular receptor protein called angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Novel corona virus particles are spherical and have mushroom-shaped spikes at their surface, giving the particles a crown-like appearance. The spike binds with angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) thus it acts as the entry point into human cells.

Various application launched by different states to fight Covid-19

State
Application
Punjab
COVA Punjab
Karnataka
Corona Watch
Maharashtra
Mahakavach
Tamil Nadu
COVID-19 Quarantine Monitor
Goa
Test Yourself
Kerala
GoK Direct
Jharkhand
Pragyaam
Rajasthan
Aayu & Sehat Sathi
Uttar Pradesh
Ayush Kavach-COVID
Telangana
T Covid-19
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Corona Virus

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