States in India and Their Capital and Language in 2020 

There are total 28 states and 9 union territories in India. States in India with capital is one of the most common areas of General Knowledge. India states and their capital and language is an easier topic to memorize and also easier to score. Here we will provide a list of all states in India and their capital and their language.

Let’s learn.

States in India and Their Capital and Language in 2020

Know Some Basics

What Is The Difference Between States and Union Territories?

There are significant differences between states and union territories in terms of governance, structure, and function. Let’s know.

StateUnion Territory
States have their own governmentA Union Territory is administered and controlled by the central government
There is a federal relationship between state and central govt.There is a unitary relationship between UT and central govt.
The constitutional head is the governorExecutive head is the president of India
Chief Ministers of the states are elected by the peopleAn administrator is appointed by the President
Larger in sizeSmaller in size
States have autonomous powers

Union territories do not have autonomous powers.

Types of Union Territories

  • Union territory with legislature.
  • Union territory without legislature.

Delhi, Puducherry, and  Jammu and Kashmir are the Union territories with legislature.

Types of Capital

There are  three types of capitals

  • Administrative: An administrative capital is the place where all executive offices of government are situated. 
  • Legislative: A legislative capital is the one where the state assembly convenes.
  • Judicial: A judicial capital is the place that consists of territorial highcourts.
Note
Article 1 of the Indian constitution defines India as a Union of States and not as a federation of states.
Indian States and Their Capitals and Languages
Indian StateCapitalLanguage
Andhra PradeshAmaravatiTelegu and Urdu
Arunachal PradeshItanagarMiji, Apotanji,
Merdukpen, Tagin,
Adi,Honpa
AssamDispurAssamese and Bodo
BiharPatnaHindi
ChhattisgarhRaipurHindi
GoaPanajiMarathi and Konkani
GujaratGandhinagarGujarati and Hindi
HaryanaChandigarhHindi
Himachal PradeshShimla (Summer) and Dharmasala (Winter)Hindi, Sanskrit and Pahari
JharkhandRanchiHindi and Maithili
KarnatakaBengaluruKannada
KeralaThiruvananthapuramMalayalam
Madhya Pradesh

BhopalHindi
MaharashtraMumbai (Summer) and Nagpur (Winter)Marathi
ManipurImphalManipuri
MeghalayaShillongKhashi, Jaintia
And Garo
MizoramAizawlMizo and English
NagalandKohima

Ao, Konyak, Angami,
Sema and Lotha
OdishaBhubaneswarOdia
PunjabChandigarhPunjabi
RajasthanJaipurRajasthani and Hindi
SikkimGangtokBhutia, Hindi, Nepali,
Lepcha, Limbu
Tamil Nadu

ChennaiTamil
TelanganaHyderabadTelugu,Urdu
TripuraAgartalaBengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak
Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow (Administrative capital) and Prayagraj (Judicial capital)Hindi
UttarakhandGairsain (Summer) and Dehradun (Winter)Hindi, Sanskrit
West Bengal

Kolkata

Bengali, Nepali
Union Territories in India and Their Capitals and Languages
Union TerritoryCapital Language
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPort BlairHindi, English
ChandigarhChandigarhEnglish and Hindi
Dadar and Nagar HaveliSilvassaGujarati, Konkani, Marathi
Daman and DiuDamanGujarati, Hindi
DelhiDelhiHindi
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)Urdu, Kashmiri, Dogri
LadakhLeh and KargilHindi, English, Ladakhi, Purgi
Lakshadweep

KavarattiMalayalam
PuducherryPuducherryTamil, English

How Many Indian States Have More Than One Capital?

There are few states in India, where more than one capitals are administered due to various reasons.

  • Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar (Summer) and Jammu (Winter)
  • Himachal Pradesh: Shimla (Summer) and Dharmasala (Winter)
  • Maharashtra: Mumbai (Summer) and Nagpur (Winter)
  • Uttar Pradesh: Lucknow (Administrative capital) and Prayagraj (Judicial capital)
  • Uttarakhand: Gairsain (Summer) and Dehradun (Winter)
Andhra Pradesh cabinet proposed to have three capitals for the state. Visakhapatnam, Amaravati, and Kurnool will be the executive, legislative, and judicial capitals respectively.
Languages in Different parts of India

Languages in Different parts of India

Do you Know?
The Hindi language was known by different names at different stages of its evolution in different eras. The earliest known name of Hindi is Apabhramsa
Do you Know?
Hindi is the second most spoken language in the world after Mandarin and ahead of English and Spanish.
All the information on the States and capitals of India 2020 are updated as on the date of the publication of the article.
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