There are total 28 states and 9 union territories in India. States in India with capital is one of the most common areas of General Knowledge. India states and their capital and language is an easier topic to memorize and also easier to score. Here we will provide a list of all states in India and their capital and their language.
Know Some Basics
What Is The Difference Between States and Union Territories?
There are significant differences between states and union territories in terms of governance, structure, and function. Let’s know.
|States have their own government||A Union Territory is administered and controlled by the central government|
|There is a federal relationship between state and central govt.||There is a unitary relationship between UT and central govt.|
|The constitutional head is the governor||Executive head is the president of India|
|Chief Ministers of the states are elected by the people||An administrator is appointed by the President|
|Larger in size||Smaller in size|
|States have autonomous powers||Union territories do not have autonomous powers.|
Types of Union Territories
- Union territory with legislature.
- Union territory without legislature.
Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu and Kashmir are the Union territories with legislature.
There are three types of capitals
- Administrative: An administrative capital is the place where all executive offices of government are situated.
- Legislative: A legislative capital is the one where the state assembly convenes.
- Judicial: A judicial capital is the place that consists of territorial highcourts.
|Andhra Pradesh||Amaravati||Telegu and Urdu|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||Miji, Apotanji,
|Assam||Dispur||Assamese and Bodo|
|Goa||Panaji||Marathi and Konkani|
|Gujarat||Gandhinagar||Gujarati and Hindi|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla (Summer) and Dharmasala (Winter)||Hindi, Sanskrit and Pahari|
|Jharkhand||Ranchi||Hindi and Maithili|
|Maharashtra||Mumbai (Summer) and Nagpur (Winter)||Marathi|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Mizo and English|
|Nagaland||Kohima||Ao, Konyak, Angami,
Sema and Lotha
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Rajasthani and Hindi|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali,
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow (Administrative capital) and Prayagraj (Judicial capital)||Hindi|
|Uttarakhand||Gairsain (Summer) and Dehradun (Winter)||Hindi, Sanskrit|
|West Bengal||Kolkata||Bengali, Nepali|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||Hindi, English|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh||English and Hindi|
|Dadar and Nagar Haveli||Silvassa||Gujarati, Konkani, Marathi|
|Daman and Diu||Daman||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)||Urdu, Kashmiri, Dogri|
|Ladakh||Leh and Kargil||Hindi, English, Ladakhi, Purgi|
How Many Indian States Have More Than One Capital?
There are few states in India, where more than one capitals are administered due to various reasons.
- Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar (Summer) and Jammu (Winter)
- Himachal Pradesh: Shimla (Summer) and Dharmasala (Winter)
- Maharashtra: Mumbai (Summer) and Nagpur (Winter)
- Uttar Pradesh: Lucknow (Administrative capital) and Prayagraj (Judicial capital)
- Uttarakhand: Gairsain (Summer) and Dehradun (Winter)