Rural Education in India: Challenges Ahead
Improving the quality of Rural Education in India is the biggest challenge to face in order to implement the National Education Policy. It is to be noted that we have witnessed significant growth in India’s literacy rate over the last few years, but it still unable to deliver the standard of education that the modern generation asks for.
Major issues with Rural Education in India
- An insufficient number of schools of different stages starting from Nursery Schools. In rural areas in India, society is familiar with sending their children from the age of six or seven, the nursery admission in rural areas, is still castle in the air. Education from an early age is completely neglected in rural areas.
- The transportation problem is a major issue that compels children and their parents to move long distance in rural areas.
- Poor infrastructure in rural schools is quite visible. Rural schools even lack basic amenities like drinking water, clean and hygienic toilets. There is no interactive way of education in rural schools.
- Lack of teachers and most importantly lack of well-trained teachers in rural India. The student-teacher ratio is extensively high in rural areas.
- The education system in rural India also suffers from the unavailability and irregular supply of funds. Schools in remote areas sometimes get fund only during or before the local body election.
- Setting up more schools with well-trained teachers is essential to upgrade the quality of rural education in India.
- Amalgamated technology to abridge the digital divide between rural and urban student is mandatory. Computer knowledge from the very beginning should be made compulsory.
- Conceptual learning with practical application in real life should be incorporated from the very early stages of rural education.
- Course curriculum in rural schools is the far-away to involve children in activities like sports, co-curricular activities and competitions of drawing, do-it-yourself, singing, musical competition etc. Such events and activities support the overall development of children.
The World Bank has defined Rural Development “as a strategy designed to improve the economic and social life of a specific group of people- the rural poor.” The inclusive growth of the Indian economy is only possible if all the branches of the Indian education system are developed simultaneously. It is a fact that more than half of the population in India lives in villages, therefore the quality education system in a rural area would be crucial and therefore would play a significant contribution to the overall growth of the Indian economy.
‘The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009′ had been introduced with a view to improving the education standard from the ground level. It should be noted that Indian rural education can not be changed overnight. It needs ‘People’s acceptance and participation’ and hence awareness among the rural people about the importance of education should be imparted by the local government, educated youth, teachers, young scholars etc.
The COVID 19 pandemic has just widened the existing crisis in the education system. The fundamental concept of education for all is completely shattered. The central government and as well as the state government need to focus on elementary education in rural India on a priority basis.