Ancient Indian History Quiz MCQs, PDF for SSC, UPSC

In this article, we will discuss Ancient Indian History Quiz MCQs PDF for SSC, Railways, UPSC, NDA, CDS, UPPSC, WBPSC and State PSC Examinations etc. Ancient Indian History MCQ PDF will also be provided at the end of the article.

The English word ‘history‘ comes from the Greek historia, meaning “inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation“. It corresponds to the study of the past and throws light on varíous past events of significance which shaped and evolved human experiences. History is further divided into pre-history, proto-history, and history.

  • Pre-history is the timeline of events that occurred before the invention of writing.
  • Proto-history is the time period between prehistory and history, during which a culture or civilisation was in a process of development and these have been mentioned in the written records. For example, the Harappan civilisation and the Vedic civilisation is considered a part of proto-history. Archaeologists include the Neolithic and Chalcolithic age as a part of proto-history.

The archaeologists hence categorised the timeline of history to study in a convenient way. These are

  • Palaeolithic age or the age of hunters and food gatherers.
  • Mesolithic age or the age of hunters and herders. 
  • Neolithic age or the age of food production.
  • Chalcolithic age or the age of Copper-Stone.
Historical ages
Historical ages

Now try to attempt

Ancient Indian History Quiz MCQs 

  1. Which site is the largest site in the Indus Civilisation?
    1. Rakhigarhi
    2. Mahenjodaro
    3. Dholavira
    4. Lothal

Ans: Mahenjodaro

Note: Rakhigarhi is the largest Indian site of the Indus Civilisation.

  1. What was the name of Indus Civilisation in the Sumerian text?
    1. Magan
    2. Dilmun
    3. Meluha
    4. Demun

Ans: Meluha

Explanation: Harappan seals, weights, and beads have been found from a number of Mesopotamian sites. Sumerian texts repeatedly mentioned three crucial centers with which they used to trade. These are Magan, Dilmun, and Meluhha.

  1. Who was the scholar who coined the term ‘Indus Civilisation’?
    1. D. Banerjee
    2. John Marshall
    3. William Jones
    4. D. Sharma

Ans: John Marshall

  1. What is true about the pictographic scripts of Indus Civilisation?
    1. The scripts have been deciphered
    2. The scripts are still undeciphered
    3. The scripts were boustrophedon
    4. Both 2 and 3

Ans: Both 2 and 3.

Explanation: The scripts found on seals are still undeciphered and the writings are boustrophedon which means from right to left and left to right in alternate lines.

  1. Which Veda is the oldest?
    1. Rig
    2. Sama
    3. Yajur
    4. Atharva

Ans: Rig Veda

Explanation: Rig Veda is a collection of lyrics, is the oldest text and also known as the ‘the first testament of mankind’. Sama Veda is a book of chants. Yajur Veda is a book of sacrificial prayers and Atharva Veda is a book of magical prayers.

  1. Which among the following is known as ‘Adi Kavya’?
    1. Ramayana
    2. Mahabharata
    3. Purana
    4. Bhagavad Gita

Ans: Ramayana

Explanation: Ramayana is the oldest epic of the world and also known as the ‘Adi Kavya’. The longest epic of the world is Mahabharata. Bhagavad Gita is extracted from the Bihshma parvan of Mahabharata.

  1. According to Rig Veda, the battle of ten kings was fought on the banks of which river?
    1. Indus
    2. Ravi
    3. Beas
    4. Sutlej

Ans: Ravi

Explanation: According to Rig Veda, the Dasrajan war o the battle of ten kings was an internecine war of the Aryans. The Dasrajan war story gives us the names of ten kings who participated in a war against Sudas who was Bharata king of Tritsus family. The ten kings were of the states of Purus, Yadus, Turvasas, Anus and Druhyus along with five others viz. Alinas, Pakhtas, Bhalanas, Sibis and Vishanins. The battle was fought on the bank of Parushni (Ravi). Sudas tasted the ultimate victory.

  1. Who was the founder of Haryanka Dynasty?
    1. Bimbisar
    2. Brihadratha
    3. Ashoka
    4. Udayin

Ans: Bimbisar

Explanation: Magadha came into prominence under the leadership of Bimbisara. He was a contemporary of Gautama Buddha.

Ancient Indian History Quiz MCQs PDF

  1. Who was the first scholar to decipher the edicts of Ashoka?
    1. G Buhler
    2. James Princep
    3. Max Mullar
    4. Willum Jones

Ans: James Princep

  1. Who was the first ruler of the Kushans?
    1. Kanishka
    2. Rudradaman
    3. Kadphises
    4. Khararela

Ans: Kadphises

  1. Who was known as ‘Amitrochates’ to the Greeks?
    1. Bimbisara
    2. Bindusara
    3. Ashoka
    4. Kanishka

Ans: Bindusara

Explanation: The word ‘Amitrochates’ was derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Amitraghata’, which literally means ‘the slayer of enemies’

  1. Which of the following edicts mentions the personal name of Ashoka?
    1. Kalsi
    2. Rummindei
    3. Maski
    4. Sharada

Ans: Maski

  1. What does the word ‘Pitaka’ means?
    1. Book
    2. Throne
    3. Basket
    4. Sword

Ans: Basket

Explanation: Pitaka literally means ‘Basket’ and it was called so, as the original texts were written on palm-leaves and kept in baskets.

  1. Which of the following scripts of ancient India was written from right to left?
    1. Brahmi
    2. Nandagiri
    3. Kharosthi
    4. Kalinga

Ans: Kharosthi

Explanation: The Kharosthi script was an ancient Indian script used in the Gandhara region (now located in Pakistan and north-eastern Afghanistan) to write Gandhari Prakrit and Sanskrit. The script was very common and used in Central Asia as well.

  1. Which of the following statements regarding Ashokan stone pillars is incorrect?
    1. Highly polished
    2. Monolithic
    3. Shaft of pillar is tapering in shape
    4. These are the parts of architectural structures.

Ans: d

Note: Two pillars from Topra and the other one from Meerut were shifted to Delhi, by Firoz Shah Tughlaq.

  1. Who was the 24th Thirthankar?
    1. Parashnath
    2. Rishavanath
    3. Mahavir
    4. Sabbakami

Ans: Mahavir

Note: the emblem of Mahavir as the lion.

  1. Who was the founder of Pataliputra
    1. Ajatsatru
    2. Udayin
    3. Kalashoka
    4. Mahapadma Nanda

Ans: Udayin

Explanation: Founded the new capital Pataliputra which is modern day Patna. It was situated at the confluence of Ganga and Son rivers.

  1. In which year Ashoka officially acquired the crown?
    1. 267 BC
    2. 268 BC
    3. 269 BC
    4. 270 BC

Ans: 267 BC

Explanation: According to Buddhist tradition Ashoka usurped the throne, after killing his 99 brothers, except Tissa, the youngest brother of Ashoka. This war of succession was four yearlong (273-269 BC). Radhagupta, a minister of Bindusara helped him.

  1. Under which ruler the Mauryan Empire reached its territorial climax?
    1. Bindusara
    2. Chandragupta Maurya
    3. Ashoka
    4. During Later Mauryan Period

Ans: Ashoka

Explanation: For the first time in Indian history, the whole Indian sub-continent came under the imperial supervision. It is to be noted that Mauryan Empire had the largest territorial expansion in Indian sub-continent even more than the Mughal Empire.  

  1. The worship of Mother goddess was related?
    1. With the Mediterranean Civilization
    2. With the Mediterranean Civilization
    3. With the Indus Valley Civilization
    4. With the Vedic Civilization

Ans: With the Indus Valley Civilization

Explanation: A large number of Mother Goddess figurines have been recovered from almost from every excavated site suggests that the Mother Goddess worship tradition was very widely accepted during Indus Valley Civilisation.

  1. Who was the last Mauryan ruler?
    1. Siddhartha
    2. Brihadratha
    3. Chandragupta Maurya
    4. Kalashoka

Ans: Brihadratha

Explanation: Brihadratha was the last Mauryan ruler, who was killed by Pushyamitra Sunga and established the Sunga Dynasty.

  1. Which lion capital of Mauryan Empire was adopted as the National Emblem?
    1. Lion Capital of Sarnath
    2. Lion Capital of Sanchi
    3. Lion Capital of Rampurva
    4. Lion Capital of Nandangarh

Ans: Lion Capital of Sarnath

Explanation: Lion Capital of Sarnath was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26th January, 1950.

  1. Who founded the Vikramshila University?
    1. Dharmpala
    2. Narayanpala
    3. Vigrahapala I
    4. Devpala

Ans: Dharmpala

  1. Who established the Nalanda Mahavihara?
    1. Kumargupta I
    2. Ashoka
    3. Pulakesin II
    4. Dharmpala

Ans: Kumargupta I

Explanation: Kumargupta I was the son of Chandragupta II. Kumargupta was the worshipper of God Kartikeya. He founded the Nalanda Mahavihara, which later became the great centre of education.

Note: Nalanda Mahavihara was founded by Kumargupta, it was destroyed several times. The first destruction was caused by the Huns under Mihirakula during the reign of Skandagupta (455–467 AD). The second destruction was done in the 7th century by the Gaudas. This time, the Buddhist king Harshavardhana (606–648 AD) restored the university. Later Dharmapala (770-810 AD) also revived it. The third and deadliest attack was by the Turkish leader Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193. It is believed that Buddhism in India had an ultimate setback for hundreds of years due to the loss of the religious texts during the attack.
  1. Hieun Tsang visited India during the reign of which of the following rulers?
    1. Samudragupta
    2. Kirtivarman I
    3. Harshavardhana
    4. Skandgupta

Ans: Harshavardhana

Explanation: Hieun Tsang was a Chinese Pilgrim. He visited India during Harsha’s tenure. He spent about eight years (635-643 AD) during Harsha’s period.

Also Read

  1. Who was the writer of Mahavasya?
    1. Harshavarshana
    2. Patanjali
    3. Kautilya
    4. Banbhatta

Ans: Patanjali, was born at Gonarda, Central India, wrote Mahavasya. He also wrote ‘The Yoga Sutra’

  1. Who was the writer of ‘Kadambari’?
    1. Kalhana
    2. Kalidas
    3. Banbhatta
    4. Bhadrabahu

Ans: Banbhatta

Explanation: Banbhatta was the court Poet, of Harshavardhana, also wrote the biography of Harshavardhana, called ‘Harshacharita’

Ancient Indian History Quiz MCQs PDF

  1. What were the important literary sources of the Mauryan Empire?
    1. Kautilya’s Arthasastra
    2. Vishaka Datta’s Mudra Rakshas
    3. Buddhist text Jatakas
    4. All of the above

Ans: All of the above

Explanation: Besides the above-mentioned sources, historians also referred to other sources like Megasthenese’s Indica, Puranas and Ashokan Edicts and inscriptions.

  1. Who was the first Gupta ruler to issue silver coins?
    1. Chandragupta II
    2. Srigupta
    3. Chandragupta Maurya
    4. Kumaragupta

Ans: Chandragupta II

Explanation: He also adopted the title of ‘Sakari’ and ‘Vikramaditya’

  1. A. Smith had called which Gupta king as the ‘Napoleon of India’?
    1. Chandragupta II
    2. Srigupta
    3. Samudragupta
    4. Kumaragupta

Ans: Samudragupta

Explanation: V. A. Smith described Samudragupta as the ‘Napoleon of India’ due to his highly successful military campaigns.

  1. Which Gupta ruler successfully prevented the Hunas aggression?
    1. Samudragupta
    2. Srigupta
    3. Skandagupta
    4. Kumargupta

Ans: Skandagupta successfully defended the Huna invasion. His success story over Hunas can be sourced from the Bhitari Pillar inscription.

  1. Who was the son of Pushyamitra Sunga?
    1. Vasumitra
    2. Agnimitra
    3. Brihadratha
    4. Kalashoka

Ans: Agnimitra

Explanation: Sunga dynasty was established by the Pushyamitra Sunga. Agnimitra was the son of Pushyamitra Sunga. Kalidas depicted Agnimitra as the central character in his drama Malavikagnimitra.

  1. Who was the first to issue gold coins?
    1. The Sakas
    2. Indo- Greeks
    3. Kushans
    4. Mauryas

Ans: Indo- Greeks were the first rulers to issue gold coins and they introduced Hellenic a special Greek feature that art eventually gave rise of the Gandhar School.

  1. Beheaded sculpture of Kanishka was found in which place?
    1. Rajgir
    2. Ujjain
    3. Pesowar
    4. Mathura

Ans: Mathura

Also Read

  1. Who was the founder of the Satvahana Dynasty?
    1. Gautami Putra Satkarni
    2. Simuka
    3. Hala
    4. Gunadhya

Ans: Simuka

Explanation: Simuka (60BC-37BC) was the founder of the dynasty. Gautami Putra Satkarni

 Was the greatest ruler in the dynasty. Pratisthana in Maharashtra was their capital.

  1. Who shifted the capital from Rajgir to Patliputra?
    1. Ashoka
    2. Chandragupta Maurya
    3. Udayin
    4. Harshavardhana

Ans: Udayin

  1. Who constructed the Sudarshan lake?
    1. Srigupta
    2. Chandragupta II
    3. Chandragupta Maurya
    4. Kanishka

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

Explanation: Later Skandagupta is known to restore the Sudarsana lake.

  1. Who was the composer of Pragya Prasasti or Allahabad Pillar Inscription?
    1. Banbhatta
    2. Harisena
    3. Vitashoka
    4. None of the above.

Ans: Harisena

Explanation: Pragya Prasasti or Allahabad Pillar Inscription was composed by the court poet of Samudragupta, Harisena.  

  1. Harshavardhana was an ardent follower of which religion?
    1. Buddhism
    2. Hinduism
    3. Jainism
    4. None of the above

Ans: Hiuen-Tsang described Harsha as a liberal Buddhist of Mahayana Sect.

  1. Who adopted the title ‘Vatapikonda’?
    1. Pulakeshein II
    2. Selucus Niketor
    3. Narsimhavarman
    4. Harshavardhan

Ans: Pallava King Narsimhavarman killed Chalukya King Pulakeshein II and captured Vatapi, hence he adopted the title.

  1. Which of the following was the most powerful among 16 Mahajanapadas?
    1. Malla
    2. Kamboja
    3. Vatsa
    4. Magadha

Ans: Magadha

Explanation: Magadhas’s rise started under the Haryanka dynasty, followed by Shishunaga and Nanda Dynasty

  1. What was the capital of the Haryanka dynasty?
    1. Pataliputra
    2. Ujjain
    3. Dhauli
    4. Rajgriha

Ans: Rajgriha

  1. Shatughai (Indus Valley Civilization site) is in which country?
    1. India
    2. Pakistan
    3. Afghanistan
    4. Tibet

Ans: Afghanistan

Explanation: Shortugai (Shortughai) was an Indus Valley Civilization trading colony. It was established on the Oxus River (Amu Darya) in northern Afghanistan (around 2000 BC). It is the northernmost settlement of the Indus Valley Civilization.

  1. Which of the following metal was not found in Indus Valley Civilisation?
    1. Copper
    2. Silver
    3. Gold
    4. Iron

Ans: Iron

Explanation: Copper was widely used in civilisation. Iron was never exposed in the time during civilisation.

  1. At which of the following Harappan sites has a supposed dockyard been found?
    1. Kalibangan
    2. Lothal
    3. Suktagendor
    4. Sotka Koli

Ans: Lothal

Explanation: Lothal had a massive dockyard which has helped emerge this place so important to international archaeology.

  1. Chandra Gupta Maurya spend his last in which of the following place?
    1. Ujjain
    2. Shravanabelagola
    3. Gandhara
    4. Pataliputra

Ans: Shravanabelagola

Explanation: Chandragupta accepted Jainism in his last days and spent the time at Sravanabelagola with Bhadrabahu.

  1. Who was the son of Ashoka?
    1. Vasumitra
    2. Mahindra
    3. Sangha
    4. Chandragupta II

Ans: Mahindra

Explanation: Ashoka sent his son Mahindra and daughter Sanghamitra to Ceylon or Srilanka to propagate Buddhism.

  1. The rulers of which dynasty started the practice of granting tax-free villages to Brahmanas and Buddhist Monks?
    1. Satavahanas
    2. Cholas
    3. Guptas
    4. Mauryas

Ans: Satvahanas

Explanation: The Satavahanas started to grant tax-free villages to Brahmanas and Buddhist monks. Royal policemen, soldiers, and other royal officers were ordered not to collect taxes from the cultivated fields and villages granted to them.

  1. What is the meaning of ‘Yajna’ in the Vedic age?
    1. Worship
    2. Sacrifice
    3. Feed
    4. Conquer

Ans: Sacrifice

Explanation: The meaning of Yajna in the Sanskrit language was “sacrifice”. In Hinduism, the offerings to the gods were also based on devotional practices like sacrifice.

  1. Which one of the following was not a characteristic of society in Mauryan times?
    1. Slavery
    2. Rigidity of caste
    3. Widow Remarriage
    4. Prostitution

Ans: Widow Remarriage

Explanation: Although Mauryan societies had a tradition of remarriage, however widow remarriage was not unusual but rare.

  1. Which of the following was not one of the actual causes for the decline of the Mauryan Empire?
    1. Division of the Empire after Ashoka
    2. Ashoka’s pacifist policies
    3. Greek Aggression
    4. Financial crisis

Ans: Ashoka’s pacifist policies

Explanation: The Maurya Dynasty declined rapidly after the death of Ashoka. One obvious reason for it was the weak successor after Ashoka. Another immediate cause the Greek invasions.

  1. What were the predominant coins minted by Satvahanas?
    1. Gold
    2. Copper
    3. Lead
    4. Silver

Ans: Lead

Explanation: The Satvahanas used lead as predominant coins, also used ‘potin’ an alloy of silver and copper to mint coins.

  1. Dharmamahamatras were _______ during the Maurya Period.
    1. Buddhist Monks
    2. Officials
    3. Jain Monks
    4. Soldiers

Ans: Officials

Explanation: Dharmamahamatras were the high-rank officials or the inspectors of Dharmma.

  1. Who among the following was the court physician of Kanishka?
    1. Vasumitra
    2. Charaka
    3. Patanjali
    4. Nagarjuna

Ans: Charaka

  1. Which of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the ruling dynasties of northern India, from the decline of the Mauryas to the rise of the imperial Guptas?
    1. Sungas, Indo-Greeks, Kushans, Sakas and Guptas
    2. Sungas, Kushans, Parthians, Sakas and Guptas
    3. Sungas, Kanvas, Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Parthians and Guptas
    4. Kanvas, Sungas, lndo-Greeks, Sakas, Parthians and Guptas

Ans: C

  1. Harshavardhana shifted his capital from ___________ to _____________
    1. Thanesar, Kannauj
    2. Delhi, Deogiri
    3. Kamboj, Kannauj
    4. Valabhi, Delhi

Ans: Thanesar, Kannauj

  1. Which Kushan ruler adopted Buddhism?
    1. Kanishka
    2. Kadphises
    3. Virna
    4. Kujala

Ans: Kanishka

Explanation: Kanishka was an ardent follower of Buddhism in the Mahayana Sect. He also convened the fourth Buddhist council.

 

Note: Buddhist Council

Council

Year

Venue

Chairman

Patron

1st

483 BC

Rajgriha

Mahakasappa

Ajathsatru

2nd

383 BC

Vaisali

Sabbakami

Kalashoka

3rd

250 BC

Pataliputra

Mogaliputta

Ashoka

4th

98 AD

Kundalvan(Kashmir)

Vasumitra

Kanishka

  1. What was the official language of the Mauryan Court?
    1. Magadhi
    2. Prakrit
    3. Maithili
    4. Sanskrit

Ans: Magadhi

  1. Bindusara sent Ashoka to quell the rebellion in ______________
    1. Swarnagiri
    2. Ujjain
    3. Tosali
    4. Taxila

Ans: Taxila

Explanation: The Mahavamsa mentioned that Bindusara sent his son Ashoka as the viceroy of Ujjayini to Taxila to quell the rebellion.

  1. Which one of the following is the principal source of information of Ashoka’s1 campaign against Kalinga?
    1. Pillar Edict-VII
    2. Mahavamsa
    3. Divyavadana
    4. Roct Edict-XIII

Ans:  Roct Edict-XIII

Explanation: The rock edict XIII gives a picture that Kalinga was a country previously which was unconquered, and also throws light on the Ashoka’s declaration of war was that of unprovoked aggression. The Kalinga war witnessed terrible cruelty and destruction. Asoka’s victory in the Kalinga war followed by immense remorse.

  1. Which of the following could be the most accurate description of the Mauryan monarchy under Ashoka?
    1. Enlightened despotism
    2. Centralised autocracy
    3. Oriental despotism
    4. Guided democracy

Ans: Enlightened despotism

  1. Which one of the following items was collected only in cash under the Mauryas?
    1. Kara
    2. Bhaga
    3. Pranaya
    4. Hiranya

Ans: Pranaya

Explanation: The literal meaning of Pranaya is Gift of Affection. It was first mentioned by Panini.

  1. Chandragupta Maurya with the help of Chanakya decided to overthrow the Nandas because
    1. Chanakya had been humiliated by the Nandas
    2. the Nandas were low-born
    3. the Nandas had accumulated an Oppression of the people
    4. Both A and C

Ans: d

Explanation: Chanakya decided to overthrow the Nandas using Chandragupta Maurya because the Nandas had previously humiliated by Nandas and also Nandas accumulated a great deal of wealth by extortion and oppression of the people.

  1. Which among the following Kavya of Sanskrit, deal with court intrigues & access to power of Chandragupta Maurya?
    1. Mrichhakatika
    2. Ritusamhara
    3. Kumarasambhava
    4. Mudrarakshahsa

Ans: Mudrarakshahsa

Explanation: Mudrarakshasa throws light on-court intrigues & access to the power of Chandragupta Maurya. The Mudrarakshasa is a Sanskrit play, authored by Vishakhadatta that narrates the ascent of Chandragupta Maurya to power in India.

  1. Up to where did Chandragupta Maurya’s empire extend in the northwest?
    1. Ravi river
    2. Indus river
    3. Satluj river
    4. Hindukush range

Ans: Hindukush Range

  1. Alexander and Porus fought a battle at which place?
    1. Hydaspes
    2. Ujjain
    3. Panipat
    4. Rajgir

Ans: Hydaspes

Explanation: The battle of Hydaspes was fought between Purus and Alexander in 326 BC at the bank of the Jhelum River.

  1. Junagarh Rock Inscription was associated with which personality?
    1. Rudradaman
    2. Chandragupta II
    3. Ashoka
    4. Harshavardhana

Ans: Rudradaman

Explanation: It is located near Girnar hill, Junagarh, Gujarat.

  1. Who among the following were contemporaries of Kanishka?
    1. Kamban, Banabhatta, Ashvagosha
    2. Asvagosha, Kalidasa, Banabhatta
    3. Kalidas, Kamba, Vasumitra
    4. Nagarjuna, Ashvagosha, Vasumitra

Ans: Nagarjuna, Ashvagosha, Vasumitra

Explanation: Nagarjuna was the Mahayana Philosopher. Ashvagosha was a famous poet, Musician and Buddhist Monk. Vasumitra was the Buddhist Monk who presided over the fourth Buddhist council.

  1. Which coin was introduced by Chandragupta I?
    1. Rupaka
    2. Dinara
    3. Tanka
    4. Kacha

Ans: Dinara

Explanation: Chandragupta I introduced ‘Dinara’ made of gold depicted the names and figures of Chandra Gupta and Kumaradevi on each side. Chandragupta II introduced the silver coin ‘Rupaka’. ‘Kacha’ was the coin introduced by Samudragupta.

  1. Which Gupta ruler was represented on coins as Veena Player?
    1. Samudragupta
    2. Kumaragupta I
    3. Chandragupta II
    4. Skandagupta

Ans: Samudragupta

  1. Who founded a monastery at Bodh Gaya?
    1. Samudragupta
    2. Chandragupta II
    3. Skandagupta
    4. Meghavarman

Ans: Meghavarman

Explanation: King of Ceylon, Meghavarman founded a monastery at Bodh Gaya with permission from Samudragupta.

  1. Chandragupta I married princess Kumaradevi. She belonged to which dynasty?
    1. Chola
    2. Chedi
    3. Lichhavi
    4. Pushyahuti

Ans: Lichhavi

  1. Which Gupta ruler was famous for his Naval forces?
    1. Chandragupta I
    2. Samudragupta
    3. Skandagupta
    4. Chandragupta II

Ans: Samudragupta

Explanation: Samudragupta had domination over Java, Sumatra and Malaysia shows that he had a navy.

  1. In which inscription, the conquest of the Hun leader Toramora was described?
    1. Nasik Inscription
    2. Allahabad Pillar Inscription
    3. Junagarh Rock Inscription
    4. Gimar Inscription

Ans: Gimar Inscription

  1. Who is the writer of ‘Naya Bhasya’?
    1. Kalidas
    2. Vatsayana
    3. Sudraka
    4. Banbhatta

Ans: Vatsayana

  1. Which Gupta emperor is famous for having Navaratna Sabha?
    1. Chandragupta II
    2. Samudragupta
    3. Skandagupta
    4. Kumaragupta I

Ans: Chandragupta II

  1. When did first Huna Invasion takes place?
    1. 458 AD
    2. 459 AD
    3. 460 AD
    4. 470 AD

Ans: 458 AD

  1. India’s trade with the Roman Empire came to an end with the invasion of Rome by the
    1. Arabs
    2. Mongolians
    3. Huns
    4. Turks

Ans: Huns

  1. Which Gupta ruler is also known as ‘Deva Raja’?
    1. Chandragupta I
    2. Samudragupta
    3. Chandragupta II
    4. Kumaragupta I

Ans: Chandragupta II

Explanation: Chandragupta II or Chandragupta Vikramaditya was also known as ‘Devagupta’, ‘Devaraja’ and ‘Devarshi’.

  1. ‘Garuda’ was the royal emblem of which dynasty?
    1. Marya
    2. Gupta
    3. Pallava
    4. Chalukya

Ans: Gupta

  1. Which Gupta ruler is known to assume the title ‘Kramaditya’ according to the Bhitari Pillar Inscription?
    1. Chandragupta I
    2. Samuragupta
    3. Skandagupta
    4. Vishnugupta

Ans: Skandagupta

  1. Harshavardhana’s southward march was stopped by Pulakeshein II on the banks of which river?
    1. Narmada
    2. Kavery
    3. Godavari
    4. Krishna

Ans: Narmada River.

  1. Which Gupta ruler was called Lichchavi Dauhitra?
    1. Chandragupta-I
    2. Skandagupta
    3. Kumaragupta
    4. Samudragupta

Ans: Samudragupta

  1. Thomas is said to have come to India to propagate Christianity during the reign of the
    1. Cheras
    2. Parthians
    3. Pandyas
    4. Cholas

Ans: Parthians

Explanation: St Thomas is said to have come to India to propagate Christianity during Parthians.

  1. Who had written the play ‘Priyadarshika’?
    1. Harshavardhana
    2. Banbhatta
    3. Ravikirti
    4. Dandin

Ans: Harshavardhana

  1. Ravikirti was the court-poet of which ruler?
    1. Hrabhakarvardhana
    2. Harshavardhana
    3. Naravardhana
    4. Pulakeshin II

Ans: Hrabhakarvardhana

  1. The Chola kings were ruling over present _______
    1. Karnataka
    2. Tamil Nadu
    3. Amaravati
    4. Kochi

Ans: Tamil Nadu

  1. Who was also known as ‘Satyashraya’?
    1. Pulakeshin II
    2. Aparajito
    3. Harshavardhana
    4. Rajyavardhana

Ans: Pulakeshin II

  1. Which of the following option is matched?
    1. Ellora — Shakas
    2. Mahabalipuram Rashtrakuta
    3. Meenakshi Temple — Pallavas
    4. Khajuraho Chandelas

Ans: Khajuraho Chandelas

  1. Which of the following was translated as ‘Sind Hind’ in Arabic?
    1. Kavyadarsha
    2. Brahmasiddhanta
    3. Dashakumaracharita
    4. Abhijnana Sakuntalam

Ans: Brahmasiddhanta

Explanation: Brahmasiddhanta is a book that provided the idea of positive numbers, negative numbers, and zero. It was written by Brahmagupta.

  1. Sangam Age is associated with the history of ________
    1. Allahabad
    2. Tamil Nadu
    3. Khajuraho
    4. Banaras

Ans: Tamil Nadu

Explanation: Sangam Period (300 BC – 200 AD) translates an important chapter in the history of South India. According to Tamil literature, there were three Sangams (Academy of Tamil poets) in ancient Tamil Nadu, which is called Muchchangam. These Sangams flourished under the royal patronage of the Pandyas.

  1. Chalukya temples (Jain temples) at Dilwara are situated in
    1. Madhya Pradesh
    2. Uttar Pradesh
    3. Rajasthan
    4. Haryana

Ans: Rajasthan

Explanation: Chalukya temples (Jain temples) are located near Mount Abu in Rajasthan. It is to be noted that the Dilwara temples comprise five Jain temples. These temples are known for their religious and architectural significance. These temples are one of the finest examples of temples during the reign of the Chalukya dynasty.

  1. Who was the writer of ‘Devichandraguptam’?
    1. Vishakhadatta
    2. Varahamihira
    3. Amarsingha
    4. Dandin

Ans: Vishakhadatta

Explanation: ‘Devichandraguptam’ and ‘Mudrarakshasa’ were written by Vishakhadatta.

  1. Which Chola ruler had conquered the northern part of Sri Lanka and made it a province of his empire?
    1. Rajindra Chola I
    2. Adhirajindra Chola
    3. Parantaka Chola I
    4. Rajaraja Chola I

Ans: Rajaraja Chola I

  1. Which of the followings is not a work of Kalidas?
    1. Dashakumaracharita
    2. Raghuvansham
    3. Malavikagnimitram
    4. Ritusamharam

Ans: Dashakumaracharita

Explanation: ‘Dashakumaracharita’ was written by Dandin. Kalidas is also known as the ‘Shakespeare of India’

  1. Who was the last ruler of the Pallava dynasty?
    1. Aparajito
    2. Aditya Chola
    3. Naravardhana
    4. Satakarni

Ans: Aparajito

Explanation: Aditya Chola defeated Aparajito and the Pallava dynasty of Kanchi ended.

  1. Who was the first ruler of Pala dynasty?
    1. Gopala
    2. Vivyanathan
    3. Dharmapala
    4. Bhaskaran

Ans: Gopla

Explanation:  Pala dynasty was the ruling dynasty in Bihar and Bengal. Gopala was the founder of Pal dynasty. He was a local chieftain who rose to power in the mid-8th century during a period of anarchy.

  1. What was the capital of the Pallavas?
    1. Kanchi
    2. Vatapi
    3. Trichurapalli
    4. Mahabalipuram

Ans: Kanchi

  1. Which dynasty succeeded the Chalukyas in Western India?
    1. Cholas
    2. Kakatiyas
    3. Pallavas
    4. Rashtrakutas

Ans: Rashtrakutas

Explanation: The Chalukya dynasty ruled large parts of Southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries. The dynasty, known as the ‘Badami Chalukyas’, ruled from Vatapi. The dynasty rapidly rose under the reign of Pulakesin II. After the death of Pulakesin II, the Eastern Chalukyas became an independent kingdom in the eastern Deccan. Rashtrakutas of the western Deccan eclipsed the Chalukyas of Badami.

  1. Which of the following was the capital of the Chola Kings?
    1. Kanchi
    2. Tanjore
    3. Madurai
    4. Trichurapally

Ans: Tanjore

Explanation: Thanjavur was the capital of the Chola Dynasty. Vijayalaya was the first ruler of the Chola dynasty. He captured Tanjore in 850 A.D.

Ancient Indian History Quiz MCQs PDF

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Ancient Indian History Quiz MCQs PDF

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