Classical and folk dances of India list and PDF

Classical and folk dances of India list and PDF

Classical and folk dances of India is an important topic for almost all competitive exams. In this article, we will learn about various Classical and folk dances of India list and PDF. List of folk dances of India pdf and Classical dances of India pdf often become very useful for the preparation competitive government job examinations. List of folk dances of India pdf and Classical dances of India pdf will be available in a single pdf at the end of the article.
Classical and folk dances of India list and PDF

Classical and Folk Dances of India

Background of dance forms in India

Dance or ‘Natya’ means of social entertainment. Bharata’s famous work Natyashastra is believed to be the first formal mention of dance. The Natyashastra vividly treatise on the various facets of Indian classical dance. Natyashastra is a detailed compilation of the techniques, postures, emotions and ornaments. Bharata Muni described the dance as the complete art consisting of all other forms of arts like music, poetry and drama.
India is recognized for its cultural diversity. There are distinct forms of dance across the country. All these dance forms are featured by the basic rules and styles of dance with their own guidelines.

Sangeet Natak Akademi defined eight classical dance forms from the core of Indian classical arts in India, which include

  • Bharatnatyam
  • Kuchipudi,
  • Kathakali,
  • Mohiniattam,
  • Odissi,
  • Manipuri
  • Kathak
  • Sattriya

Know about Sangeet Natak Akademi

  • Sangeet Natak Akademi is India’s National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama. It is the highest Indian recognition given to concerned artists in his/her field of expertise.
  • Headquarter: New Delhi
  • Functional under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India.
  • Established in 1953.
  • Dr. P. V. Rajamannar was the first Chairman of Sangeet Natak Akademi

Bharatnatyam

Bharatnatyam
  • It is Oldest among all classical dance forms.
  • Bharatnatyam derives from Bharata Muni and ‘natyam’ which means dance in the Tamil language.
  • Bharatnatyam is also referred to the fire dance because dance form is the manifestation of fire in the human body.
  • It was performed as the solo dance of the temple dancers or ‘devadasis’ in Tamil Nadu; hence it was also referred to as ‘Dashiattam.
  • Performed by solo male or female dancers and group artists as well.
  • Rukmini Devi Arundale is remembered for giving global recognition to the dance.
  • Famous proponents: Yamini Krishnamurthy, Lakshmi Viswanathan, Padma Subramaniam, Mrinalini Sarabhai, Mallika Sarabhai etc

Kuchipudi

Kuchipudi
  • Earlier it was performed by a group of actors going from village to village, known as Kusselavas.
  • The name Kuchipudi is derived from the village of Kuchelapuram in Andhra Pradesh
  • The dance form gained popularity under the patronage of the Vijayanagara and Golconda rulers.
  • Performed by male and female. It is generally a team performance.
  • Kuchipudi recitals are based on stories of Bhagwata Purana and the recital is accompanied with Carnatic music.
  • Famous proponents: Kadha Keddy and Raja Reddy, Yamini Krishnamurthy, Indrani ous Fam Rahman, etc.

Kathakali

Kathakali
  • Two types of dance form Ramanattam and Krishnattam originated from Ramayana and Mahabharata. These folk drama traditions are the source of Kathakali.
  • Kathakali was derived from the words ‘Katha’ which means story and ‘Kali’ means drama.
  • This art form is a combination performance of music, dance and drama.
  • The Kathakali dance form is popularly known as the ‘Ballad of the East’
  • Famous proponents: Guru Kunchu Kurup, Gopinath, Rita Ganguly, Kottakal Sivaraman etc.

Mohiniattam

Mohiniattam
  • Mohiniattam or the Dance of an Enchantress.
  • Mohini’ means beautiful woman and ‘attam’ means dance
  • It is a solo dance performance by women that was further developed by Vadivelu in 19th century and gained prominence under the rulers of Travancore of Kerala.
  • Veena, Drums, Flutes are the musical instruments which are used in Mohiniattam dance.
  • Famous proponents: Sunanda Nair, Kalamandalam Kshemavathy, Madhuri Amma, Jayaprabha Menon, etc.

Odissi

Odissi
  • The caves of Udayagiri-Khandagiri are the source of Odissi dance. The name is derived from the Odia nritya’ mentioned in Natya Shastra. Earlier it was practised by the ‘maharis’ and patronised by the Jain King Kheravela.
  • The dancers intricate geometrical shapes and patterns with the body.
  • Performed predominantly by female.
  • Famous proponents: Guru Pankaj Charan Das, Guru Kelu Charan Mohapatra, Sonal Mansingh, Sharon Lowen (USA), Anandini Dasi (Argentina).

Manipuri

Manipuri
  • Manipuri dance form originated from the celestial dance of Shiva and Parvati in the valleys of Manipur along with the local Gandharvas.
  • Lord Krishna is the central theme of this dance form.
  • Performed generally by females.
  • Thang-Ta and Sankirtana are also infuenced by Manipuri dance.
  • Famous proponents: Jhaveri sisters- Nayana, Suverna, Ranjana and Darshana, Gur Guru Bipin Singha, N Madhabi Devi, etc.

Kathak

Kathak
  • Kathak is the traditional dance of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Kathak derived its name from the ‘Kathika or the story-tellers recited from the epics accompanied by gestures and music.
  • It became popular and was performed as the court dance during Mughal era.
  • Kathak is a competitive play between a dancer and a table player.
  • Famous proponents: Birju Maharaj, Lacchu Maharaj, Sitara Devi, Damayanti Joshi, etc.

Sattriya

Sattriya
  • It was originated and inspired by Bhakti Movement
  • Sattriya dance was introduced by the Vaishnava Saint Sankaradeva in the 15th century in Assam.

Classical dances of India pdf will be provided at the end of the article.

Indian Folk Dances

There are cultural variation in various parts of India coupled with local songs and regional dance traditions, which yields a composite art. Indian folk dance are generally performed as a group.
Indian folk dance represents the local culture and simplicity, explores and connects with the masses through its inherent beauty and features.
Here are some famous folk dance in various states in India. The lists of states are arranged in alphabetical order. The name of the folk dance which has been asked in the exam multiple times are made bold. Focus on these dance forms.
Andhra Pradesh
  • Veedi Bhagavatam
  • Bhamakalpam
  • Veeranatyam
  • Dappu
  • Gobbi
  • Lambadi
  • Dhimsa
  • Kolattam
  • Butta Bommalu
  • Dhamal
Assam
  • Bihu
  • Bichhua
  • Natpuja
  • Ojapali
  • Ankia nat
  • Kaligopal,
  • Khel Gopal
  • Bagurumba
  • Tabal Chongli
  • Jhumur nach
Arunachal Pradesh
  • Lion and Peacock dance
  • Buiya
  • Chalo
  • Wancho
  • Pasi Kongki
  • Ponung
  • Popir
  • Bardo Chham
  • Cardo Chham
Bihar
  • Jata-Jatin
  • Nat-Natin
  • Bakho-Bakhain
  • Panwariya
  • Sama Chakwa
  • Bidesia
  • Kajari
  • Jhijiyan
  • Jhumeri
Chhattisgarh
  • Gaur Maria
  • Panthi
  • Raut Nacha
  • Pandwani
  • Vedamati
  • Kapalik
  • Vedamati
  • Chandaini
Gujarat
  • Garba
  • Dandiya Ras
  • Tippani
  • Juriun
  • Bhavai
  • Timli
  • Kinnauri Nati
  • Jhumeri
Goa
  • Tarangamel
  • Koli
  • Dekhni
  • Fugdi
  • Shigmo
  • Ghode
  • Modni
  • Samayi nrutya
  • Mandu
Haryana
  • Jhumar
  • Phag
  • Luddi
  • Daph
  • Dhamal
  • Loor
  • Gugga
  • Gagor
  • Swang
Himachal Pradesh
  • Luddi
  • Hikat
  • Konayala
  • Jhora
  • Jhali
  • Chharhi
  • Dhaman
  • Chhapeli
  • Mahasu
  • Nati
  • Dangli.
Jammu and Kashmir
  • Rauf
  • Hikat
  • Mandjas
  • Kud
  • Damhal
  • Chakri
Jharkhand
  • Alkap
  • Karma
  • Munda
  • Agni Jhumar
  • Janani Jhumar
  • Mardana Jhumar
  • Paika
  • Phagua
  • Mundari Dance
  • Sarhul
  • Ghora Naach
Karnataka
  • Yakshagana
  • Huttari
  • Dollu Kunitha
  • Suggi Kunitha
  • Karga
  • Boyalata
Kerala
  • Chakyar Koathu
  • Ottam
  • Thulal
  • Kaikottikali
  • Kaliyattam/Theyam
  • Thirayattam
  • Koodiyattam
Lakshadweep
  • Lava
  • Kolkali
  • Parichakali
Madhya Pradesh
  • Grida
  • Teratali
  • Lota
  • Pandvani
  • Jawara
  • Matki
  • Khada Nach
  • Phulpati
  • Grida Dance
  • Selalarki
  • Selabhadoni
  • Maanch
Maharashtra
  • Lavani
  • Nakata
  • Koli
  • Lezim
  • Gafa
  • Dahikala Dasavtar
  • Tamasha
  • Pavri Nach
  • Dandaniya
Manipur
  • Dol Cholam
  • Thang Ta
  • Lai Haraoba
  • Pung Cholom
  • Dol Cholom
  • Khamba Thaibi
  • Nupa Dance
  • Lhou  Sha
Meghalaya
  • Ka Shad Suk Mynsiem
  • Nongkrem
  • Laho
Mizoram
  • Cheraw dance
  • Khuallam
  • Chailam
  • Tlanglam
Nagaland
  • Rangma
  • Bamboo Dance
  • Zeliang
  • Nsuirolians
  • Gethinglim
  • Sua Lua / Chang Lo
  • Leshalaptu
Odisha
  • Savari
  • Ghumara
  • Painka
  • Munari
  • Chhau.
  • Bagh Nach/ Tiger dance
  • Dalkhai
  • Nachni
Punjab
  • Bhangra
  • Giddha
  • Luddi
  • Dhaman
  • Bhand
  • Naqual.
  • Kikkli
Puducherry
  • Garadi
Rajasthan
  • Ghumar
  • Chakri
  • Ganagor
  • Jhulan Leela
  • Jhumar
  • Bhabai
  • Kalbeliya
  • Kanch Ki Ghodi
  • Kayanga Bajavonga
Sikkim
  • Chu Faat Dance
  • Sikmari
  • Mask dance 
  • Singhi Chaam or the Snow Lion Dance
  • Yak Chaam
  • Denzong Gnenha
  • Tashi Yangku Dance
  • Khukuri Naach
  • Chutkey Naach
  • Maruni Dance
Tamil Nadu
  • Kummi
  • Kolattam
  • Kavadi
  • Therakottu
  • Kamandi
  • Karagam
  • Oliyattam
Telengana
  • Dappu
  • lambadi
  • Perini Thandavam
Tripura
  • Hojagiri
  • Goria
  • Labang
  • Boomani
Uttar Pradesh
  • Nautanki
  • Raslila/ Rasiya
  • Kajri
  • Jhora
  • Chappeli
  • Jaita
  • Chappeli
Uttarakhand
  • Garhwali
  • Kumayuni
  • Kajari
  • Jhora
  • Raslila
  • Chappeli
West Bengal
  • Kathi
  • Gambhira
  • Dhali
  • Jatra
  • Baul
  • Mahal
  • Keertan

Note: Chhau dance are of three types and are practised in three different regions in India

  • Saraikella Chhau-Jharkhand
  • Mayurbhanj Chhau-Odisha
  • Purulia Chhau-West Bengal

Dance Forms of Martial Arts in India

Some Popular Martial Arts dance forms are
  • Silambam – Tamil Nadu
  • Kalaripayattu – Kerala
  • Gatka – Punjab
  • Thang Ta – Manipur
  • Lathi Khela – West Bengal
  • Mardani Khel – Maharashtra
  • Pari Khanda -Bihar
  • Thoda-Himachal Pradesh
  • Inbuan wrestling-Mizoram
  • Kuttu Varisai-tamil Nadu
  • Musti Yoddha- Varanasi

28 states of India and their dances pdf

The students who are appearing in competitive examinations, often come across the questions from hence this article 28 states of India and their dances pdf will help the students to have comprehensive knowledge. Classical dances of India pdf  and Classical and folk dances of India pdf will help the students to boost preparation.
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