Essay On Deforestation for Students in English

Essay On Deforestation

Essay On Deforestation: There are various reasons why deforestation occurs, some of which include urbanization, agriculture, forest timber, wildlife, etc. Population explosion and agriculture are the main cause of deforestation. In this article on deforestation, we will discuss the Essay On Deforestation in English along with the deforestation essay pdf at the end of the article.

What is Deforestation?

Deforestation is the process of completely or partially cutting down trees and forests for various reasons, such as for the production of various products using different parts of the tree as raw materials, for the construction of buildings and other buildings, etc. It can be said that this means the removal of tree branches or forests and the conversion of this area of ​​land to a completely non-forest use in nature. It’s a dangerous trend that is happening all over the world and shows no signs of slowing down.

Causes of Deforestation

Let’s discuss the What causes deforestation essay?

  • Urbanisation: Deforestation occurs for many reasons, but the most common is population explosion. Humans are encroaching forests and cutting down the trees to establish their own settlements. It should be noted that the world has already lost up to 35 million hectares of forest to urbanisation between 1992-2015, according to a recent study published Nature. Let’s see how does urbanization cause deforestation. Deforestation is now directly being driven by urbanization and trade. Small-scale landholders are shifting towards domestic and international markets at the costs of forests. They are establishing flats, large scale multi-national companies, industries to meet the global standards and demands.
  • Industrialization: Industrialization and agriculture are the two sub reasons behind the population explosion and urbanisation. Industries like automobiles, textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, foods and beverages, cosmetics are being set up to meet the global supply chain.
  • Agriculture: Expansion of agriculture is usually seen as the main driver of forest loss. With the explosion of population, the rising demands of food. Hence the croplands are being expanded in place of natural forest areas. These newly created agricultural areas are used for growing ‘cereal crops’ like wheat, maize and rice etc. Also, the concern is magnified as the crops which are associated with tropical deforestation such as oil palm & soybean are highly profitable for commercial purposes and hence get a push for production at the cost of deforestation.
  • Forest timber: Forest timber is also a major contributor to deforestation. Trees are cut down for lumber and other wood products.
  • Wildlife hunting: Wildlife is another reason why forests are being destroyed. Animals are hunted for their meat, fur, and horns, which drives up the demand for these products.
  • Mining and oil exploration: Mining is one of the main causes of deforestation. It should be noted that almost 10 per cent of the deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon between 2005 and 2015 was caused by mining activities. The environmental impact of mining includes soil erosion, formation of sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, groundwater and surface water by chemicals from mining processes. The countries around the world are diluting the Environmental Impact Assessment due to the pressure exerted by the corporate world.
  • Construction Activities:  The construction of roads and other infrastructure projects also contribute to deforestation. These projects require land, so trees are cleared to make way for them. Construction of Dams is being carried out to generate hydroelectricity and to control the natural flood activities are also an important reason for deforestation.
  • Natural Reasons: There are many natural factors too. Vulcanisation, flooding, tsunamis, heavy cyclones, and other natural disasters can damage or destroy forests. Strong winds and heavy rains cause deforestation.

Effects of Deforestation

Let’s discuss the What are the effects of deforestation essay?

Deforestation is a dangerous trend with many negative consequences. It’s one of the leading drivers of climate change and has a devastating impact on our environment. Deforestation increases the rate of extinction of species, so the plants we use disappear along with many animals. It also destroys habitats, disrupts biodiversity and animal habitats. Deforestation also contributes to soil erosion, which can lead to desertification. Additionally, it decreases the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which is needed for photosynthesis. This has a ripple effect on the entire food chain. 
Do You Know? According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest are lost each year.
  • Destruction of Biodiversity: Deforestation unveils a massive adverse impact on the planet ecologically and environmentally. Deforestation also destroys habitats and disrupts ecosystems. This can have a ripple effect on the entire food chain.
Deforestation destroys habitats and disrupts ecosystemsDeforestation destroys habitats and disrupts ecosystemsDeforestation destroys habitats and disrupts ecosystems
Deforestation destroys habitats and disrupts ecosystems

Image Source: Image by Ria Sopala from Pixabay

  • Soil Erosion: Deforestation causes soil erosion in two ways: by removing trees that anchor the soil, and by increasing the amount of rainwater that runs off the land. Trees help to anchor the soil in place, so when they are removed, the soil is more likely to be eroded away by wind and rain. Deforestation also increases the amount of rainwater that runs off the land because there are no trees to absorb it. This water carries away topsoil, which leads to sedimentation in rivers and lakes.
  • Desertification: Deforestation can cause desertification by removing trees that help to hold water in the soil, thus eventually increasing the amount of dust and sand in the air. Trees help to hold water in the soil, so when they are removed, the soil dries out and blows away in the wind. Deforestation also increases the amount of dust and sand in the air because there are no trees to filter it out. This dust and sand can block out sunlight, which makes it difficult for plants to grow.
  • Increased Environmental Pollution: Trees and forests absorb dust and pollutants exerted the vehicles in the urban areas. Lack of forests makes the environment vulnerable to these harmful dust and vehicular exhaust, which makes the air unbreathable for humans and animals. In this way, deforestation causes increased Environmental Pollution.
  • Climate Change: Forests and climate are deeply interconnected. Forest loss and degradation are both a cause and an effect of climate change. At the same time, deforestation is self-perpetuating. Aggressive urbanisation is fuelling further deforestation. Also, the loss of trees causes the temperatures to rise exponentially.
  • Acidic Ocean: Deforestation is making the ocean acidic. As trees absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, they help to regulate the Earth’s temperature. When trees are removed, there is more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which causes the Earth to warm up. This warming is causing the ocean to become more acidic, which is a serious threat to marine life.
  • Increased Diseases and Natural Disasters: Deforestation causes many diseases, especially of the lungs and respiratory tract. Deep and dense forests are the home of various species of bacteria, protozoa, viruses, which come into contact with the human habitat once their natural habitation is lost.

Deforestation causes many loss of animal homes, death of animals, environmental change, seasonal changes, rising temperatures, rising ambient temperatures, global warming, increased greenhouse gas exposure, melting polar ice caps and glaciers, rising sea levels, weakening ozone layer, a hole in the ozone layer, the death of marine animals, an increase in the risks of natural disasters such as storms, cyclones, typhoons, floods, droughts and many other negative changes that are enough for the continuation of life on the planet. Deforestation is the act that deliberately guides clearing, landscaping, or simply the removal of plants in a conscious, habitual, or involuntary way.

In particular, deforestation threatens the genetic diversity of individual species and reduce the survival of species already exploited in the wild in forests. Animals and plants that makeup flora and fauna throughout the world must suffer from deforestation. Deforestation has left several negative effects on our environment.

Deforestation is becoming more dangerous and shows the need to cut down plants to protect human life. Deforestation increases the rate of extinction of species, so the plants we use disappear along with many animals. In addition to the species that disappear when the area is completely deforested, plants and animals in the remaining fragments of the forest also become increasingly vulnerable, and sometimes even doomed to extinction. Deforestation has severe consequences for plant and animal species.

Why is it important to stop deforestation?

Let’s discuss Why do we need to stop deforestation?

It should be noted that forests cover 31% of the land on our planet earth, forests play a critical role in stabilizing our climate. The forests regulate ecosystems, protect biodiversity, support sustainable livelihoods. Forests absorb carbon dioxide out of our atmosphere and supply oxygen to breathe. Now look at this data: Approximately 2.6 billion tonnes of CO2, one-third of the CO­2 released from burning fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas, is absorbed by forests every year and the 2019 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report of Climate Change & Land reported that planting more forests and protecting existing forests will be crucial for limiting global warming to 1.5°C.

Deforestation and Climate Change
Deforestation and Climate Change

For these reasons, it is essential to control deforestation so that a large area of ​​rainforest is preserved. We need to save trees to prevent deforestation or save plants to save animal shelter so that natural environmental cycles can be maintained to save lives here in the future.

Solutions of Deforestation

Let’s discuss What is the solution for deforestation?

  • Reduction of Consumption of Woods: Solutions to deforestation include reducing our consumption of woods. This can be done by using recycled wood, using wood substitutes, and planting trees. Another solution is to create incentives for people to keep forests intact. This can be done by providing economic incentives, such as payments for environmental services, or by creating protected areas.
  • Conservation of Protected Areas: Protected areas are a key tool in the fight against deforestation. They help to conserve forests and the wildlife that lives in them. By reducing our impact on forests, we can help to protect them for future generations.
  • Use of eco-friendly products: Eco-friendly products can help fight deforestation in two ways. First, by using eco-friendly products, we can reduce our consumption of wood. Second, by buying eco-friendly products, we can support companies that are working to protect forests. Eco-friendly products are made from sustainable materials and are produced in a way that doesn’t damage the environment. Some examples of eco-friendly products include bamboo furniture, recycled paper, and organic cotton clothing. When you buy eco-friendly products, you are supporting companies that are committed to protecting forests. This helps to create a market for these types of products and provides an incentive for companies to continue their efforts to preserve forests.

List the various deforestation programme launched in India

  • The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched afforestation schemes in the forest areas with a participatory approach.
  • Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMC) was set up. The committee will monitor the afforestation scheme in consultation with the Forest Department.
  • National Afforestation Programme (NAP) scheme: The overall objective of the National Afforestation Programme (NAP) scheme is ecological restoration of degraded forests and to develop the forest resources with peoples’ participation, with a focus on improvement in livelihoods of the forest-fringe communities, especially the poor.
  • National Mission for a Green India (GIM) aims at improving the quality of the forest and increase in forest cover besides cross-sectoral activities on a landscape basis.
  • Forest Fire Prevention & Management Scheme (FFPM) takes care of forest fire prevention and management measures.
  • The funds collected under Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA), as compensatory levies from states inter-alia, is also used in plantation activity including compensatory afforestation by States/UTs.

Conclusion of Deforestation Essay

Deforestation means that the nature of the trees has changed, such as the replacement of slow-growing native trees with fast-growing forest areas, meaning that the precious forest ecosystem has been transformed into less biodiverse ecosystems such as pastures, croplands, plantations and removal of tropical forests. Deforestation is making our planet darker and darker, no doubt there is a constant underlying discomfort. We need to take care of our environment and issue like deforestation needs an inclusive address from all around the planet. Let’s save our forests before it’s too late!

Short Note on Deforestation

Here is a short essay on deforestation.

Deforestation affects human health and the freshwater environment due to climate imbalance, increased global warming, soil erosion, floods, wildlife extinction, decreased oxygen levels in the fresh air and increased carbon dioxide levels, and many other factors. Deforestation has so many social implications for our society and its impact not only affects us humans but also plants, animals and the environment. The effects of deforestation, from affecting our food cycle to exacerbating global warming, have the potential to change the entire dynamics of our ecology. Deforestation affects many things and we must do our best to keep our world alive. The main causes of deforestation are agriculture, logging and overpopulation. The main reason for deforestation is people’s ignorance that they are destroying the forests that are our life. If we don’t stop destroying the resources of this planet, the planet earth will become uninhabitable for the living being. Hence we must come forward to stop deforestation to save our planet.

10 Points About Deforestation

  1. We are losing around 5 Million Hectares of forest very Year.
  2. The palm oil industry is responsible for a significant amount of deforestation around the world.
  3. Deforestation contributes nearly 5 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every year, which equals 10% of annual human emissions.
  4. Approximately 2.6 billion tonnes of CO2, one-third of the CO­2 released from burning fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas, is absorbed by forests every year.
  5. Approximately one-third of tropical deforestation happened in Brazil alone.
  6. Deforestation also destroys habitats and disrupts ecosystems with a ripple effect on the entire food chain.
  7. Amazon, the world’s most biologically diverse ecosystem and the most important carbon sink, has turned into a greater emitter of carbon dioxide than it is absorbing as a result of deforestation.
  8. Deforestation is becoming more dangerous and shows the need to cut down plants to protect human life.
  9. At the recent COP26 climate conference, more than 100 countries have taken a pledge to stop deforestation by the end of the decade.
  10. We need to take care of our environment and issue like deforestation needs an inclusive address from all around the planet. 

You can download the Essay on Deforestation pdf

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Frequently Asked Questions:

  • What is meant by deforestation?

Deforestation is a human act in which forests are permanently destroyed to create settlements and use trees for industries such as paper, carpentry and construction. Deforestation is the constant destruction to increase the source of life and the use of forests.

  • How do you end a deforestation essay?

There are many ways to do this, such as planting trees, supporting sustainable forestry practices, reducing our consumption of wood products, and more. Let’s all do our part to protect our planet!

  • How is burning of wood related to deforestation?

The burning of wood is a process called slash-and-burn agriculture, which is sometimes used to clear land for farming or other purposes. This process can contribute to deforestation if it is not done properly or if the area that is being cleared is too large. Slash-and-burn agriculture can cause air pollution, soil erosion, and loss of biodiversity. It can also contribute to climate change by releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. To avoid these problems, slash-and-burn agriculture should be done in a controlled manner and only in small areas. Additionally, farmers should replant trees after they have cleared an area to help prevent deforestation.

The best way to stop deforestation is to reduce our demand for wood. This can be done by using recycled wood, using wood substitutes, and planting trees. Another way to stop deforestation is to create incentives for people to keep forests intact. This can be done by providing economic incentives, such as payments for environmental services, or by creating protected areas.

You can also support organizations that work to protect forests, such as The Nature Conservancy or World Wildlife Fund. By taking action on this issue, we can help to protect forests for future generations.

The loss of trees and other vegetation can also lead to soil erosion and subsoil water depletion. Trees play an important role in the hydrological or water cycle by absorbing water from the ground and releasing it back into the atmosphere through their leaves. When trees are removed, there is nothing to hold onto the topsoil when it rains which causes heavy flooding and landslides. The removal of vegetation can also lead to changes in local weather patterns which can result in a decrease in rainfall.

  • Effect of deforestation on nesting pattern of birds in India

A study was conducted in India to find out how deforestation affects the nesting patterns of birds. The study found that deforestation decreases the number of trees available for nesting, which leads to a decrease in the number of nests. This, in turn, leads to a decrease in the population of birds. Deforestation also affects the food supply of birds, as many trees that are cut down are used for agriculture. This means that there is less food available for birds, and they have to compete with other animals for food. As a result of these factors, deforestation is having a negative impact on the bird population in India.

  • Can cutting dry trees without leaves be called deforestation?

Deforestation is the conversion of a forested area to land that is not forested. Deforestation can refer to the natural loss of trees, as well as the potential destruction of whole forests due to the practices of people. Hence deforestation refers to cutting down the living trees. Cutting a dead tree is not deforestation as it is not contributing to the environment anymore. But it should be noted that some trees are deciduous plants i.e they lose all of their leaves for part of the year. This process is called abscission. It means although they do not have leaves at a particular point of time, they are alive, and cutting down any living trees will be referred to as deforestation.

  • Do u think the deforestation would have decreased during the lockdown?

The answer is yes. The main reasons for this are that the people who were involved in deforestation, such as loggers and farmers, were not able to work during the lockdown. Because all types of transportation modes were shut down, hence all the machinery required for deforestation, couldn’t be transported. However, once the restriction was removed, deforestation came back to haunt our planet at a faster rate, as the companies were pushing for more production. 

  • What is deforestation short answer

Deforestation is the removal or clearing of trees and forests that are used by humans, such as for use in agriculture, home building, commercial purposes, and other uses.

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