Jainism and Buddhism Questions and Answers for SSC, UPSC

Jainism and Buddhism Questions and Answers for SSC, UPSC

Here is an article on Religious Movements in Ancient India i.e. Buddhism and Jainism. The Jainism and Buddhism Questions and Answers are based on repeatedly asked questions in SSC, UPSC, WBCS, SSC, RRB NTPC, State PSCs.

Jainism and Buddhism Questions and Answers

  1. Where was Gautama Buddha born?
    1. Lumbini
    2. Sarnath
    3. Gaya
    4. Kushinagar

Ans: Lumbini

Explanation: Gautama Buddha was born as Siddharth in Lumbini, Nepal in 563 BCE. This incident is symbolized by Lotus & Bull.

  1. Who was the mother of Gautama Buddha?
    1. Mahamaya
    2. Gautami
    3. Yasodhara
    4. Nirvana

Ans: Mahamaya

Explanation: Suddhodhana and Mahamaya were the parents of Siddharth.

  1. At what age Siddharth attained Mahaviniskraman?
    1. 20
    2. 29
    3. 35
    4. 41

Ans: 29

Explanation: Siddharth attained Mahaviniskraman at the age of 29. This incident is symbolized with Horse in Buddhism.

  1. Where did Gautama Buddha attain Nirvana?
    1. Lumbini
    2. Gaya
    3. Kushinagar
    4. Pataliputra

Ans: Gaya

Explanation: Gautama Buddha attained Nirvana or Sambodhiat 35 years of age under a peepal tree at Gaya on the bank of Niranjana. This incident is symbolized with Bodhi Tree in Buddhism.

  1. Where did Gautama Buddha attain his first sermon?
    1. Lumbini
    2. Sarnath
    3. Gaya
    4. Kushinagar

Ans: Sarnath

Explanation: Gautama Buddha attained Dharmachakrapravartana in Sarnath at 35 years of age. This incident is symbolized with Wheel in Buddhism.

  1. When did Gautama Buddha attain Mahaparinirvan?
    1. 500 BCE
    2. 510 BCE
    3. 483 BCE
    4. 507 BCE

Ans: 483 BCE

Explanation: Gautama Buddha attained Mahaparinirvan in 483 BCE at Kushinagar. This incident is symbolized with Stupa in Buddhism.

  1. Gautama Buddha belongs to which clan?
    1. Sakya
    2. Kanthaka
    3. Gandhara
    4. Haryanka

Ans: Sakya

  1. What does the term ‘Chatwari Arya Satyani’ mean in Buddhism?
    1. Four noble truths
    2. Eight-fold path
    3. Tripitaka
    4. Two sects of Buddhism

Ans: Four noble truths

Explanation:

  1. What does the eight-fold path call in Buddhism?
    1. Triratna
    2. Channa
    3. Chatwari Arya Satyani
    4. Astangika Marg

Ans: Astangika Marg

  1. What was the name of Siddharth’s (Gautama Buddha) son?
    1. Kapil
    2. Kanthaka
    3. Rahul
    4. Mahavir

Ans: Rahul

  1. What was the name of Siddharth’s (Gautama Buddha) horse?
    1. Kapil
    2. Kanthaka
    3. Channa
    4. None of these

Ans: Kanthaka

  1. Tipitaka was written in which language?
    1. Parsi
    2. Pali
    3. Sanskrit
    4. Brahmi

Ans: Pali

  1. What are the parts of Tipitaka?
    1. Vinay Pitaka
    2. Sutta Pitaka
    3. Abhidhamma Pitaka
    4. All of these

Ans: All of these

Explanation: Tipitaka or Tripitaka was divided into three Pitaka (basket): Vinay Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka and Abhidhamma Pitaka.

  1. Which Pitaka deals with Buddha’s sayings?
    1. Vinay Pitaka
    2. Sutta Pitaka
    3. Abhidhamma Pitaka
    4. All of these

Ans: Sutta Pitaka

Explanation: Vinay Pitaka deals with the Monastic code, Sutta Pitaka deals with Buddha’s sayings and Abhidhamma Pitaka deals with religious issues of Buddha.

  1. Where was the first Buddhist Council took place?
    1. Pataliputra
    2. Vaishali
    3. Rajgriha
    4. Kundalavana

Ans: Rajgriha

Explanation: First Buddhist Council took place at Saptaparni cave, Rajgriha in 483 BCE under the presidentship of Ajatshatru. Mahakassapa was the chairman.

  1. Who was the chairman of the second Buddhist Council?
    1. Mahakassapa
    2. Sabbakami
    3. Tissa
    4. Vasumitra

Ans: Sabbakami

Explanation: Second Buddhist Council took place at Vaishali in 383 BCE under the presidentship of Kalashoka.

  1. When was the third Buddhist Council took place?
    1. 300 BCE
    2. 280 BCE
    3. 250 BCE
    4. 242 BCE

Ans: 250 BCE

Explanation: Third Buddhist Council took place at Pataliputra in 250 BCE under the presidentship of Ashoka. Ashoka’s younger brother Mogaliputta Tissa was the chairman.

  1. Who presided over the fourth Buddhist Council?
    1. Ashoka
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Vasumitra
    4. Kanishka

Ans: Kanishka

Explanation: Fourth Buddhist Council took place at Kundalvana in 98 BCE under the chairmanship of Vasumitra.

  1. Who was the first Tirthankara in Jainism?
    1. Risabhnath
    2. Parashnath
    3. Mahavir
    4. None of these

Ans: Risabhnath

  1. Who was the 23rd Tirthankar in Jainism?
    1. Risabhnath
    2. Parashnath
    3. Mahavir
    4. None of these

Ans: Parashnath

  1. Who was the 24th Tirthankar in Jainism?
    1. Risabhnath
    2. Parashnath
    3. Mahavir
    4. None of these

Ans: Mahavir

  1. Who was the father of Mahavir?
    1. Gautama
    2. Siddharta
    3. Suddhodhana
    4. Parashnath

Ans: Siddharta

Explanation: Siddharta and Trishala were the parents of Mahavir.

  1. What is the name of Mahavir’s wife?
    1. Priyadarshini
    2. Yashoda
    3. Mahamaya
    4. Yashodhara

Ans: Yashoda

Explanation: Yashoda was Mahavir’s wife and Priyadarshini was their daughter.

  1. At what age, Mahavir attained Kaivalya?
    1. 35
    2. 42
    3. 45
    4. 52

Ans: 42

Explanation: Mahavir attained Kaivalya (supreme knowledge) at the age of 42 under a small tree at Jambikagrama on the bank of river Rijupalika.

  1. Where did Mahavir deliver his first sermon?
    1. Pataliputra
    2. Ujjain
    3. Gandhara
    4. Pava

Ans: Pava

Explanation: Mahavir delivered his first sermon to his 11 disciples at Pava. These disciples were known as Gandharas.

  1. Right Knowledge, Right Faith and Right Conduct are known as which of the following?
    1. Tripitaka
    2. Triratna
    3. Trishonku
    4. Both (b) and (c)

Ans: Triratna

  1. Who founded the Jain Sangha at Pava, Bihar?
    1. Risabhnath
    2. Parashnath
    3. Mahavir
    4. None of these

Ans: Mahavir

  1. Which of the following is considered as the holy book of Buddhism?
    1. Tripitaka
    2. Tipitaka
    3. Triratna
    4. Both (a) and (b)

Ans: Both (a) and (b)

Explanation: Tipitaka or Tripitaka are considered the holy book of Buddhism.

  1. Which of the following is considered as the holy book of Jainism?
    1. Tripitaka
    2. Agam Sutras
    3.  
    4.  

Ans: Agam Sutras

  1. Who founded the Haryanka dynasty?
    1. Bimbisara
    2. Bindusara
    3. Anga
    4. Ajatshatru

Ans: Bimbisara

 

 

  1. Who among the following kings was the first to have a standing army?
    1. Bimbisara
    2. Ashoka
    3. Mahapadmananda
    4. Chandragupta Maurya

Ans: Bimbisara

  1. Who was known as Seniya?
    1. Bimbisara
    2. Ashoka
    3. Mahapadmananda
    4. Chandragupta Maurya

Ans: Bimbisara

  1. Bimbisara was contemporary to which famous religious leader?
    1. Gautama Buddha
    2. Parashnath
    3. Mahavir
    4. None of these

Ans: Gautama Buddha

  1. Who was the successor of the Haryanka dynasty after Bimbisara?
    1. Kalashoka
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Chandragupta Maurya
    4. Ajatshatru

Ans: Ajatshatru

  1. Who destroyed Vaishali, the capital of Vajji?
    1. Kalashoka
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Chandragupta Maurya
    4. Ajatshatru

Ans: Ajatshatru

  1. Who laid the foundation of Pataliputra?
    1. Udayin
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Bimbisara
    4. Ajatshatru

Ans: Udayin

  1. Udayin was the son of which of the following kings?
    1. Kalashoka
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Bimbisara
    4. Ajatshatru

Ans: Ajatshatru

  1. Who founded the Nanda dynasty?
    1. Kalashoka
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Bimbisara
    4. Ajatshatru

Ans: Mahapadmananda

Explanation: Mahapamananda killed his father Mahanandin, the last ruler of the Shisunaga dynasty and ascend the throne.

  1. Who was the last ruler of the Nanda dynasty?
    1. Ajatshatru
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Bimbisara
    4. Dhanananda

Ans: Dhanananda

Explanation: Dhanananda was the son of Mahapadmananda.

  1. Under whose reign, Magadha was the most powerful janapada?
    1. Haryanka dynasty
    2. Shishunaga dynasty
    3. Nanda dynasty
    4. None of these

Ans: Nanda dynasty

  1. Who was the founder of Magadha?
    1. Bimbisara and Ajatshatru
    2. Jarasandha and Brihadratha
    3. Mahapadmananda and Dhanananda
    4. Ajatshatru and Shisunaga

Ans: Jarasandha and Brihadratha

  1. Which was the earliest capital of Magadha?
    1. Kausambi
    2. Rajgriha
    3. Mathura
    4. Indraprastha

Ans: Rajgriha

  1. Who transferred the capital of Magadha from Rajgriha to Pataliputra?
    1. Ajatshatru
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Bimbisara
    4. Dhanananda

Ans: Ajatshatru

  1. Who was the last king Shisunaga dynasty?
    1. Kalashoka
    2. Mahanandin
    3. Shisunaga
    4. Padmananda

Ans: Mahanandin

  1. Who was known as the Xandrames in the Greek text?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Mahapadmananda
    3. Dhanananda
    4. Bimbisara

Ans: Dhanananda

  1. From which inscription, we can know about the Indo-Iranian relation?
    1. Brahmi
    2. Kharosti
    3. Mahrauli
    4. Nanaghat

Ans: Kharosti

  1. Who won the Greek-Hydaspes war?
    1. Dhanananda
    2. Alexander
    3. Ashoka
    4. Megasthenes

Ans: Alexander

Explanation: Alexander defeated Puru or Porus (full name: Purushotama) in the Greek-Hydaspes war or Hydaspes war.

  1. Which river is known as Hydaspes?
    1. Ravi
    2. Indus
    3. Vitasta
    4. Narmada

Ans: Vitasta

  1. When did Alexander die?
    1. 327 BCE
    2. 300 BCE
    3. 320 BCE
    4. 323 BCE

Ans: 323 BCE

Explanation: Alexander died in 323 BCE at the age of 33.

  1. Who was the emperor of Macedonia?
    1. Megasthenes
    2. Alexander
    3. Seleucus
    4. Nicolaes

Ans: Alexander

  1. Who wrote Asthadhayayi?
    1. Viswamitra
    2. Rudradaman
    3. Panini
    4. Patanjali

Ans: Panini

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