MCQ on Mauryan Empire, Ancient History for SSC, UPSC

MCQ on Mauryan Empire, Ancient History for SSC, UPSC

The Mauryan Empire was the first pan-India empire with the greatest size. The empire was built by Chandragupta Maurya, founder of the Mauryan dynasty. The great scholar of Taxila, Chanakya helped him to reach the throne and build the greatest empire in the ancient history of India. Here, we provide MCQ based quiz on the Mauryan empire. These questions have been repeatedly asked in various competitive exams like UPSC, SSC, RRB NTPC, PSC.

 

  1. Who was the founder of the Mauryan Dynasty?
    1. Chandragupta
    2. Chandragupta Maurya
    3. Bindusara
    4. Chanakya

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

Explanation: Chandragupta Maurya established the Mauryan dynasty in 322 BCE by dethroning the last Nanda king Dhanananda.

  1. When was Chandragupta Maurya born?
    1. 322 BCE
    2. 327 BCE
    3. 340 BCE
    4. 299 BCE

Ans: 340 BCE

 

  1. What is the real name of Chanakya?
    1. Vishnu Gupta
    2. Vishnu Sharma
    3. Kautilya
    4. Vishnu Deva

Ans: Vishnu Gupta

Explanation: Real name of Kautilya or Chanakya was Vishnu Gupta.

  1. Who wrote the ‘Arthashastra’?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Kautilya
    3. Kalidasa
    4. Megasthenes

Ans: Kautilya

 

  1. When did Chandragupta Maurya occupy Pataliputra?
    1. 322 BCE
    2. 327 BCE
    3. 320 BCE
    4. 300 BCE

Ans: 322 BCE

Explanation: Chandragupta Maurya occupied Pataliputra in 322 BCE by dethroning the last Nanda king Dhanananda.

  1. Chanakya was a famous teacher of which learning institute?
    1. Nalanda
    2. Vikramshila
    3. Taxila
    4. Odantapuri

Ans: Taxila

Explanation: Chanakya was a famous scholar of Taxila, a great institution of Sanskrit literature and Hindu culture.

  1. William Jones had defined whom as ‘Sandrocottus’?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Bindusara
    3. Chandragupta Vikramaditya
    4. Ashoka

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

Explanation: William Jones had defined Chandragupta Maurya as ‘Sandrocottus’

  1. Chanakya was the prime minister of which king?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Dhanananda
    3. Alexander
    4. Bindusara

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

Explanation: Chanakya was the prime minister of Chandragupta Maurya.

  1. Chandragupta Maurya went to which Jain saint in his last age?
    1. Sthulabhadra
    2. Bhadrabahu
    3. Vasumitra
    4. Vishnu Deva

Ans: Bhadrabahu

 

  1. Who was the Greek ambassador sent to Chandragupta Maurya’s Court?
    1. Seleucus
    2. Megasthenes
    3. Fahien
    4. Ohanananda

Ans: Megasthenes

 

  1. In which place, Chandragupta Maurya spend his last days of his life?
    1. Shravanabelagola
    2. Rajagriha
    3. Ujjain
    4. Taxila

Ans: Shravanabelagola

 

  1. Who married Helina, the daughter of Seleucus Nicator?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Bindusara
    3. Ashoka
    4. Chandragupta II

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

 

  1. Who defeated Seleucus Nicator?
    1. Ashoka
    2. Brihadratha
    3. Vasumitra
    4. Chandragupta Maurya

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

 

  1. Who died in the orthodox Jain way by slow starvation?
    1. Ashoka
    2. Brihadratha
    3. Bimbisara
    4. Chandragupta Maurya

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

 

  1. During the reign of Chandragupta Maurya, coins were made of which materials?
    1. Gold and Silver
    2. Silver and Copper
    3. Copper and Bronze
    4. Only Copper

Ans: Silver and Copper

 

  1. Who authored ‘Indica’?
    1. Bindusara
    2. Vasumitra
    3. Megasthenes
    4. Kautilya

Ans: Megasthenes

 

  1. Who was the successor of the throne after Chandragupta Maurya?
    1. Ashoka
    2. Bindusara
    3. Alexander
    4. Puru

Ans: Bindusara

 

  1. Who was known as ‘Amitrogatha’?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Bindusara
    3. Ashoka
    4. Skandagupta

Ans: Bindusara

 

  1. What was the tax levied by the Mauryan state as cess on irrigation?
    1. Udaka Bhaga
    2. Bali

Ans: Udaka Bhaga

 

  1. ‘Kantaka Shodhana’ (criminal justice) was depicted in which book?
    1. Raghuvansham
    2. Arthashastra

Ans: Arthashastra

 

  1. Who was/were called ‘Astonmoi’ by the Greek scholar Megasthenes?
    1. Ministers
    2. Town officials
    3. Village Administrators
    4. Army chief

Ans: Town officials

 

  1. Which of the followings was a famous educational centre during the Mauryan age?
    1. Vikramshila
    2. Nalanda
    3. Taxila
    4. Vallabhi

Ans: Taxila

 

  1. Who was the great king of the Maurya dynasty?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Bindusara
    3. Ashoka
    4. Kumaragupta

Ans: Ashoka

 

  1. Which king of the Maurya dynasty killed his 99 brothers to ascend the throne?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Bindusara
    3. Ashoka
    4. Skandagupta

Ans: Ashoka

 

  1. Which was the capital of Kalinga during the reign of Ashoka?
    1. Pataliputra
    2. Ujjain
    3. Dhauli
    4. Bali

Ans: Dhauli

 

  1. When was the Kalinga war took place?
    1. 260 BCE
    2. 300 BCE
    3. 215 BCE
    4. 236 BCE

Ans: 260 BCE

 

  1. Who sent his son Mahindra and daughter Sanghamira for preaching Buddhism in Sri Lanka?
    1. Skandagupta
    2. Chandragupta Maurya
    3. Brihadratha
    4. Ashoka

Ans: Ashoka

 

  1. Who was the youngest brother of Ashoka?
    1. Brihadratha
    2. Kumaragupta
    3. Mogaliputta Tissa
    4. Vasumitra

Ans: Mogaliputta Tissa

 

  1. Ashokan pillars were made of which material?
    1. Copper
    2. Silver
    3. Sandstone
    4. Bronze

Ans: Sandstone

 

  1. Who constructed Sanchi Stupa?
    1. Mogaliputta Tissa
    2. Ashoka
    3. Bindusara
    4. Vasumitra

Ans: Ashoka

 

  1. Who wrote the book ‘Mudra Rakshasa’?
    1. Bidusara
    2. Visakha Dutta
    3. Kalidasa
    4. Chanakya

Ans: Visakha Dutta

 

  1. Who was called ‘Sthaanik’?
    1. Town officials
    2. Village Administrators
    3. Ministers
    4. District Administrators

Ans: District Administrators

 

  1. Who was identified as Kautilya?
    1. Kalidasa
    2. Visakha Dutta
    3. Chanakya
    4. Vatsyayana

Ans: Chanakya

 

  1. Who was the son of Bindusara?
    1. Kumaragupta
    2. Chandragupta
    3. Ashoka
    4. Kanishka

Ans: Ashoka

 

  1. The title ‘Devanam Priya’ was given to which Mauryan king?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Chandragupta II
    3. Skandagupta
    4. Ashoka

Ans: Ashoka

 

  1. By which name Ashoka was referred in his inscriptions?
    1. Devanam Priya
    2. Ashoka
    3. Priyadarsi
    4. Chakravorti

Ans: Priyadarsi

 

  1. Which was the capital of Chandragupta Maurya?
    1. Patliputra
    2. Ujjain
    3. Dhauli
    4. All of these

Ans: Patliputra

 

  1. Who was the son of Chandragupta Maurya?
    1. Ashoka
    2. Bindusara
    3. Vasumitra
    4. Chandragupta II

Ans: Bindusara

 

  1. Who helped Chandragupta Maurya to dethrone the last king of the Nanda dynasty, Dhanananda?
    1. Chanakya
    2. Bindusara
    3. Seleucus Nikator
    4. Alexander

Ans: Chanakya

 

  1. Who defeated Seleucus Nikator?
    1. Dhanananda
    2. Ashoka
    3. Chandragupta Maurya
    4. Kanishka

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

 

  1. Who deciphered the inscriptions of Ashoka?
    1. Max Muller
    2. James Princep
    3. William Jones
    4. R. Bhandarkar

Ans: James Princep

 

  1. Who was the last Mauryan ruler?
    1. Brihadratha
    2. Ashoka
    3. Chandragupta II
    4. Chandragupta Maurya

Ans: Brihadratha

 

  1. When was the Mauryan dynasty end?
    1. 185 BCE
    2. 190 BCE
    3. 180 BCE
    4. 200 BCE

Ans: 185 BCE

 

  1. Who influenced Ashoka to embrace Buddhism?
    1. Bindusara
    2. Kalidasa
    3. Upa Gupta
    4. Chanakya

Ans: Upa Gupta

 

  1. Up to which place in the northwest was Chandragupta Maurya’s empire extends?
    1. Ravi river
    2. Indus river
    3. Hindukush
    4. Ujjain

Ans: Hindukush

 

  1. Where is the Sanchi Stupa in modern India?
    1. Madhya Pradesh
    2. Gujarat
    3. Rajasthan
    4. Odisha

Ans: Madhya Pradesh

 

  1. Which dynasty ruled North India before the Mauryan dynasty?
    1. Sunga
    2. Haryanka
    3. Nanda
    4. Kanva

Ans: Nanda

  1. Who constructed the Sudarshan lake?
    1. Chandragupta Maurya
    2. Bindusara
    3. Ashoka
    4. Kanishka

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

  1. A bilingual Ashokan inscription in Greek and Arabic was found in which place?
    1. Magadha
    2. Ujjain
    3. Dhauli
    4. Puskalavati

Ans: Puskalavati

 

  1. Who wrote ‘Buddha Charita’?
    1. Panini
    2. Kalidas
    3. Asvaghosh
    4. Nagarjuna

Ans: Asvaghosh

  1. Who wrote ‘Prajnaparamita Sutras’?
    1. Panini
    2. Kalidas
    3. Asvaghosh
    4. Nagarjuna

Ans: Nagarjuna

  1. Who wrote ‘Charak Sanhita’?
    1. Kalidas
    2. Asvaghosh
    3. Charak
    4. Nagarjuna

Ans: Charak

 

  1. Who wrote a commentary on ‘Charak Sanhita’?
    1. Asvaghosh
    2. Charak
    3. Patanjali
    4. Vasumitra

Ans: Patanjali

  1. Which dynasty came in power immediately after the declination Maurya dynasty?
    1. Sunga
    2. Kanva
    3. Kushan
    4. Saka

Ans: Sunga

Explanation: Pushyamitra Sunga established the Sunga dynasty.

  1. Who was the last ruler of the Sunga dynasty?
    1. Pushyamitra Sunga
    2. Devabhuti
    3. Vasudeva
    4. Agnimitra

Ans: Devabhuti

  1. Who established the Kanva dynasty?
    1. Devabhuti
    2. Vasudeva
    3. Agnimitra
    4. Satakarni

Ans: Vasudeva

  1. Who established the Satavahana dynasty?
    1. Satakarni
    2. Simuk
    3. Vasumitra
    4. Mahendra

Ans: Simuk

  1. Who was the greatest leader of the Satavahana dynasty?
    1. Gautamiputra Satakarni
    2. Simuk
    3. Vasumitra
    4. Mahendra

Ans: Gautamiputra Satakarni

  1. Who established Chedi dynasty?
    1. Mahendra
    2. Kharakela
    3. Chidi
    4. Vasudeva I

Ans: Chidi

  1. Who was the greatest leader of the Chedi dynasty?
    1. Mahendra
    2. Kharakela
    3. Chidi
    4. Vasudeva I

Ans: Kharakela

  1. From which inscription, we can know about Kharakela?
    1. Kharosti
    2. Nasik
    3. Mahrauli
    4. Hatigumpha

Ans: Hatigumpha

  1. Who constructed Udaygiri hills?
    1. Mahendra
    2. Kharakela
    3. Simuk
    4. Ashoka

Ans: Kharakela

  1. Kharakela was the follower of which religion?
    1. Hinduism
    2. Jainism
    3. Buddhism
    4. He was an atheist

Ans: Jainism

 

  1. Who was the most famous ruler of Sakas?
    1. Mahendra
    2. Simuk
    3. Rudradaman
    4. Puru

Ans: Rudradaman

  1. Who was the first to invade the Mauryan empire?
    1. Satavahana
    2. Sunga
    3. Chedi
    4. Sakas

Ans: Sakas

  1. Which inscription testifies that Rudradaman defeated Satakarni twice?
    1. Hatigumpha
    2. Junagarh
    3. Kharosti
    4. Mahrauli

Ans: Junagarh

  1. Who established the Kushan dynasty?
    1. Kadphises
    2. Kanishka
    3. Vasudeva
    4. Mahendra

Ans: Kadphises

  1. Where was/were the capital of Kanishka?
    1. Purushpur
    2. Amaravati
    3. Mathura
    4. Both (a) and (c)

Ans: Both (a) and (c)

  1. Amaravati was the capital of which dynasty?
    1. Satavahana
    2. Sakas
    3. Parthian
    4. Kushan

Ans: Satavahana

  1. Who was the last ruler of the Kushan dynasty?
    1. Kadphises
    2. Kanishka
    3. Vasudeva I
    4. Mahendra

Ans: Vasudeva I

  1. Where was the headless statue of Kanishka found?
    1. Purushpur
    2. Amaravati
    3. Mathura
    4. Elora

Ans: Mathura

  1. Who was the first to introduce gold coins in India?
    1. Satavahana
    2. Sakas
    3. Parthians
    4. Kushans

Ans: Kushans

  1. Who used to control the famous silk route?
    1. Kushans
    2. Satavahana
    3. Parthians
    4. Sakas

Ans: Kushans

  1. Which Kushan ruler called himself the ‘Maheswar’?
    1. Kanishka
    2. Vasudeva I
    3. Kadphises
    4. Mahendraditya

Ans: Kadphises

  1. Who was not present in the court of Kanishka?
    1. Asvaghosh
    2. Nagarjuna
    3. Patanjali
    4. Vasumitra

Ans: Patanjali

 

 

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