What is cyclic ecological phenomenon knows as ‘Mautam’?

  • It is in news with regard to insurgency movement in Mizoram.
  • Mautam is the cyclic ecological phenomenon that occurs every 50 years, in the Northeastern India (Manipur, Mizoram etc) where wild bamboo forests cover a large land area.
  • During this period, Melocanna baccifera, a species of bamboo flower occurs rampantly and is followed by a sudden increase in the number of rats population, which cause devastating famine.
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