Pronoun Types,Rules,Exercise With Answers for SSC CGL,CHSL,IBPS
English language section bears a major significance in competitive examinations like SSC CGL,SSC CHSL,CPO,IBPS,SBI,LIC,SEBI,NABARD etc.Here,we will discuss Pronoun full chapter focusing on types of Pronoun,rules of Pronoun or Pronoun spotting error rules and Pronoun Exercise With Answers.
Basics: Parts of Speech
Pronoun is a word that functions as a substitute of noun phrase like name of a person or any object.
Pronouns are classified into the following eight types
- Personal (including Possessive)– I, thou, ye, you, he, she, it, hers, ours, etc.
- Demonstrative-This, that, such, so, etc.
- Relative– Who, which, that, what, as, whoever, whatever, whichever, etc.
- Interrogative– Who, which, what, etc.
- Distributive-Each, either, neither, etc.
- Reflexive and Emphasizing-Myself, thyself, himself, etc.
- Indefinite-One, anybody, somebody, nobody, etc.
- Reciprocal-Each other, one another.
Examples of Double Possessive Pronoun
- This is my pen; where is yours?
- This book is mine. This house is theirs.
Study Notes Pronoun: Rules of Double Possessive Pronoun
Here we will discuss rules of Pronoun for Competitive Exam. You will be provided Pronoun Exercise after the discussion of Rules of Spotting Errors in Pronoun.
If all the three persons or two out of three persons appear in a single sentence (In normal case or positive sense), the order will be 231.
- You, he and I shall practice before the match. (231)
- He and I have finished our homework. (31)
- You and he have excellently executed the assignment. (23)
If all the three persons or two out of three persons appear in a single sentence in a negative sense or any mistake is being accepted the the order is 123.
- I, you and he have made a serious mistake that causing the failure of the project. (123)
- You and he have done this mischief. (23)
If Pronouns are in plural form like we,they, the order should be 123.
We, you and they should now join the company’s project.
Some verbs like Amuse ,avail, blame ,resign, avenge, apply, adapt, cut ,dry, enjoy, help , hurt ,behave, introduce ,kill, adapt, absent, pride etc. take reflexive Pronouns when used as intransitive verbs.
- The children enjoyed themselves at Rahul’s birthday.
- He busied himself in the kitchen.
- I saw myself as a famous actor in my dream.
In case of a comparison between two nominative cases, the Nominative Pronoun form is used after as or than.
- Incorrect:He is as fast as me
- Correct:He is as fast as I
- Incorrect:I run faster than him
- Correct:I run faster than he
- Notice the sentence: Correct: I know you as much as him.
Gerund is used after Possessive Pronoun.
- I was confident of my winning the game.
There are some verbs which never take Reflexive Pronouns.
Keep, stop, turn, qualify, bathe, move, rest and hide these are the verbs which do not take a reflexive pronoun after them.
- You should keep yourself away from bad boys. (remove yourself)
- He hid himself in the room. (remove himself)
If a sentence is started with ‘It’ the Pronoun is used in nominative case.
- It is I who am to blame.
‘Each other’ and ‘one another’ are only two Reciprocal Pronouns. These are always used objectively.
As per traditional grammar rules each other is used for two and one another for more than two.
For you and I are foreigners to one another.
Reciprocal Pronouns can also take possessive forms.
- They both borrowed each other’s ideas.
- The individuals in this apartment often use one another’s utensils for cooking.
‘That’ can be used for both living and non-living nouns and also ‘That‘ can be used for singular as well as plurals.
- I have lost the cricket bat that you gave me during the last match.
Each, Either and Neither always take Singular pronoun and singular verb in a sentence.
- Each of the soldiers is ready to do his duty.
- Neither of them gets his turn.
Singular pronoun is used when two or more singular nouns are joined by ‘or’, ‘Either…or, Neither…nor.
- Either Ramesh or Ganesh lost his purse.
But if one Noun is in plural form, then the plural Pronoun is used and plural noun is placed near the verb.
- Either the principal or the teachers failed in their duty.
A pronoun is used in objective case when used as an object in a sentence.
- My friend forced my brother and I to stay away from the award ceremony. Incorrect
- My friend forced my brother and me to stay away from the award ceremony. Correct
Indefinite Pronouns like anybody, nobody, anything take singular verb in the sentences.
- I do not know anyone in my village who speaks English
When two nouns appear together and refer to a single person, the pronoun will be used in singular form but when it refers to two different person then pronoun will be used in plural form.
- The sports teacher and mentor has come.
- The director and the chairman have done their best.
Pronouns are used in Objective forms after let, between, besides or any preposition
- Let him work independently.
- The secret should be kept between you and me.
- Besides him none else was there.
Collective Nouns like Jury, army, fleet, crew etc when used as the subject of the sentence , it functions as a group and hence singular pronoun used.
- The jury has given their verdict: Incorrect
- The jury has given its verdict. Correct
When Collective Noun is used in a sentence that denotes a sense of division among the members, plural pronouns are used.
- The committee are divided in its opinion. Incorrect
- The committee are divided in their opinion. Correct
When ‘each’ is used after the subject in a sentence the auxiliary verb agrees with the subject.
- We have each won a medal. Incorrect
- We each have won a medal. Correct
When two subjects are joined by ‘as well as’, ‘with’, ‘alongwith’, ‘together with, and not’, ‘in addition to’, ‘rather than’, ‘accompanied by’, like’, ‘unlike’, ‘no less than’, ‘nothing but’, the possessive pronoun must agree with the first subject used in the sentence.
- Shweta as well as her friends has done their homework. Incorrect
- Shweta as well as her friends has done her homework. Correct
Many a/an when used with a singular noun in a sentence, singular Pronoun is used.
- Many a soldier has lost his life at the battlefield.
Here is a practice set on Pronoun error spotting. You will get Pronoun Exercise With Answers for your self evaluation.
- The members of the executive committee (1)/ want the facilities (2)/ of car and accommodation (3)/ for itself. (4)/ No Error (5)
- Every teacher (1)/ and every student (2)/ of this school is determined to do their best (3)/ for the benefit of all. (4)/ No Error (5)
- The manager(1)/ as well as the (2)/labours absented themselves (3)/ from the office. (4)/ No Error (5)
- There were (1)/ five active employee (2)/ and three lazy one (3)/ in the factory. (4)/ No Error (5)
- There is none (1)/ who can (2)/support you (3)/ in this crucial period. (4)/ No Error (5)
- Any of the (1)/ two photos which reflect (2)/ the natural beauty of Kashmir (3)/ is worth seeing. (4)/ No Error (5)
- The guests (1)/ whom we were talking (2)/ about have arrived (3)/ are my colleagues. (4)/ No Error (5)
- He introduced (1)/ to the chairman as (2)/ the President of the (3)/ workers association. (4)/ No Error (5)
- As a student (1)/ of science (2)/ you are much better (3)/ than him. (4)/ No Error (5)
- He hates everybody (1)/ and everything who(2)/ reminds him (3)/ of his mistakes of young age. (4)/ No Error (5)
- Whomever (1)/ does not come in time (2)/ will not be allowed (3)/ to appear the exam. (4)/ No Error (5)
- The six partners (1)/ are at daggers drawn (2)/ so they do not talk (3) to each other. (4)/ No Error (5)
- If someone has (1)/completed the work (2)/ he may leave. (3)/ No Error (4)
- She lent me (1)/ some money with the condition (2)/ that I should return. (3)/ the same within a month. (4/ No Error (5)
- The teacher instructed (1)/ the peon to let (2)/ the students and I (3)/ go into the office of Principal. (4)/ No Error (5)
- The candidate (1)/ being a commerce graduate (2)/ she is eligible (3)/ for the post of accountant. (4)/ No Error (5)
- In all circumstances (1)/I have helped him (2)/and he knows. (3)/ No Error (4)
- I don’t appreciate (1)/him who laugh (2)/ at others without (3)/ any reason. (4}/ No Error (5)
- You and myself (1)/ will enjoy the function(2)/being arranged in honour of (3}/ the new Principal. (4)/ No Error (5)
- He asked for (1)/ permission to go to the cinema (2]/ but his mother (3)/ did not give. (4)/ No Error (5)
1.(4) Replace ‘itself by ‘themselves’. Here members of the executive committee is not used as a collective noun.
2. (3) Replace ‘their by ‘his’. Singular pronoun is used when preceded by each/every.
3. (3) Replace themselves’ by his’. When two nouns are used jointly through as well as/ besides/ in addition to, the pronoun is agreed by the noun that comes first in the sentence.
4.(3) Replace ‘lazy one’ by ‘lazy ones.
5.(2)Replace ‘who’ by ‘that. Remember to use “thať after.
6. (1) Replace ‘any by either’. Either is used for two. all/none/ some/only/other.
7.(2) Replace ‘whom’ by ‘who’.
8.(1) Write himself after introduced. .
9.(4)Replace ‘him by ‘he’. When two subjects are being Compared, use pronoun in subjective case.
10. (2) Replace ‘who’ by ‘thať’.
11. (1) Replace whomever by whoever.
12. (4) Replace ‘each other by ‘one another. Each other is used for two.
13. (5) No error.
14. (4) Replace ‘the same’ by ‘it.The same is used as an adjective, it should not be used as a pronoun.
15. (3) Replace T by ‘me. Remember to use objective form pronoun after
16. (3) Delete she. The use of she is unwarranted.
17. (3) Place ‘it after ‘knows.
18. (2) Replace ‘laugh’ by laughs’.
19. (1) Replace ‘myself by I.
20. (4) Write it after give. ‘give’ is a transitive verb, so it must have an object.
Pronoun Exercise With Answers/Pronoun Practice Exercise/Pronoun Error Spotting Practice Set will give you more clear idea on how to attempt questions in competitive exams.
Pronoun Exercise With Answers PDF
Download the Pronoun Practice Set pdf and boost your preparation.