World Blood Donor Day 2020 Theme and Importance: World Blood Donor Day is celebrated on 14th June of every year. World Blood Donor Day is not only celebrated to thank blood donors but also to raise awareness about the global need for safe blood.
Safe blood is essential both for treatments and urgent interventions. We need safe blood during various emergencies in our life.
- Safe blood help patients to recover from life-threatening conditions and help to live longer.
- Safe blood supports complex medical and surgical procedures.
- Safe blood is critically needed to treat the wounded during emergencies of all kinds such as natural disasters, accidents, armed conflicts, etc.
- Safe blood plays an essential, life-saving role in maternal and neonatal care.
Affordable and timely supplies of safe and quality blood can only be assured through regular donations by voluntary and healthy blood donors. This is why the World Health Assembly designated a special day in 2005 to thank blood donors and encourage more people to donate blood freely. World Blood Donor Day is celebrated on 14th June of every year World Blood Donor Day is not only celebrated to thank blood donors but also to raise awareness about the global need for safe blood.
World Health Organisation celebrates World Blood Donor Day every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Karl Landsteiner (14 June, 1868). World Health Organisation, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies jointly organised an event for the first time on 14 June, 2005 with an aim to raise public awareness about the need for safe blood donation voluntarily by a healthy individual.
There are total eight official global public health campaigns marked by WHO. These are listed here
- World Tuberculosis Day (24 March)
- World Health Day (7 April)
- World Malaria Day (25 April)
- World Immunization Week (last week of April)
- World No Tobacco Day (31 May)
- World Blood Donor Day (14 June)
- World Hepatitis Day (28 July)
- World AIDS Day (1 December)
Know about Karl Landsteiner
- Karl Landsteiner was an eminent immunologist and pathologist from Austria who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology for his discovery of the major blood groups and the development of the ABO system of blood typing in 1930.
- His discovery has made blood transfusion a routine medical practice.
- He also showed how a blood group could be determined from a sample of dried blood, and suggested this could be used in crime-fighting to narrow the list of possible suspects.
World blood donor day 2020 theme
The theme of World Blood DonorDay 2020 is “Safe blood saves lives” with the slogan “Give blood and make the world a healthier place”. A host country is chosen to celebrate the World Blood Donor Day as per the traditional procedure. But World Health Organisation will conduct a global virtual campaign due to the Coronavirus outbreak this year.
The objectives of WHO campaign of 2020 are as follows
- Celebrate and thank individuals who donate blood and encourage more people to donate blood
- Raise awareness of the urgent need of safe and quality blood for use wherever and whenever it is needed to save life
- Advocate the need for universal access to safe and quality blood transfusion
- Showcase the importance of blood donation in effective health care and in achieving universal health coverage
- Mobilize the support at national, regional and global levels among governments and other NGOs to strengthen and sustain national blood programmes.
Frequently asked questions on Blood donation
- Who can donate blood? The blood donor must be at least 17 years of age with a signed parental consent.
- What is the minimum weight requirements of a Donor? Donor should have at least 45 kg weight and be in good health.
- How often can one donate blood? The minimum interval between whole blood donations is 12 weeks for men and 16 weeks for women. Platelet and plasma donors are able to donate more frequently.
- How long does a blood donation take? The blood donation process takes about one hour and 15 minutes; the actual donation of a pint of whole blood unit takes almost 10-15 minutes.
- Can one donate during her menstrual period? Yes, if she is feeling well.
- What is a “unit” of blood? A unit is 450 ml of blood
- How much amount of blood can be taking at one sitting? 250-300 ml
- If someone is fully recovered from the coronavirus, is he/she eligible for this program? The Red Cross is currently looking for people who have fully recovered from novel coronavirus to give convalescent plasma for seriously ill coronavirus patients. One can qualify to help if he/she meets specific convalescent plasma and regular blood donation eligibility requirements.
Know about World Health Organisation
- The World Health Organization (WHO) is a health organisation of the United Nations. World Health Organization (WHO) is caretaker for international public health. The governing structure of World Health Organization (WHO) is known as World Health Assembly (WHA).
- The Headquarter of World Health Organization (WHO) is in Geneva, Switzerland.
- The WHO was established on 7 April 1948.
- This day is commemorated as World Health Day.
- The first meeting of the World Health Assembly (WHA) took place on 24 July 1948.
- Director-General of the World Health Organization: Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus who is an Ethiopian public health researcher and official is serving as Director-General of the World Health Organization since 2017.